Prevalence of psychoactive drug use among drivers in Thailand: A roadside survey

Ingsathit, A, Woratanarat, P, Anukarahanonta, T, Rattanasiri, S, Chatchaipun, P, Wattayakorn, K, Lim, S and Suriyawongpaisal, P (2009) Prevalence of psychoactive drug use among drivers in Thailand: A roadside survey. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, 41 3: 474-478. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2009.01.010


Author Ingsathit, A
Woratanarat, P
Anukarahanonta, T
Rattanasiri, S
Chatchaipun, P
Wattayakorn, K
Lim, S
Suriyawongpaisal, P
Title Prevalence of psychoactive drug use among drivers in Thailand: A roadside survey
Journal name ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
Publication date 2009-05-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2009.01.010
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 41
Issue 3
Start page 474
End page 478
Total pages 7
Editor K. Kim
R. Elvik
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject C1
920414 Substance Abuse
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Abstract The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychoactive drug and alcohol use among general drivers and predictors of the drug use in Thailand. One thousand six hundred and thirty-five motor vehicle drivers were randomly selected from five geographical regions of Thailand between December 2005 and May 2006. The prevalence of psychoactive drugs was determined using urine tests by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Among 1635 drivers, 5.5% were tested positive for breath alcohol with 2% having a level exceeding the legal limit (>50 mg%). Psychoactive drug was presented in 158 (9.7%) urine samples for drug analysis. The top 3 most frequently detected licit drugs were antihistamines (2.0%), sedative cough suppressant (0.7%) and benzodiazepines (0.2%). Illicit drugs detected included amphetamine (1.8%), cannabis (1.1%), mitragynine (Kratom) (0.9%) and morphine (0.1%). Only type of driver (commercial/non-commercial) was a significant predictor with psychoactive drug use. The prevalence of psychoactive drug use among drivers not involved in road crashes in Thailand was not as low as an earlier study in Europe using objective measurements, particularly among commercial drivers. However, for illicit drugs, the prevalence detected in this study was lower than those of earlier studies from high-income countries.
Keyword Psychoactive drug
FATALLY INJURED DRIVERS
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 18:05:30 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Public Health