The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers' performance

Hilton, MF, Staddon, Z, Sheridan, J and Whiteford, HA (2009) The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers' performance. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, 41 3: 453-461. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2009.01.012


Author Hilton, MF
Staddon, Z
Sheridan, J
Whiteford, HA
Title The impact of mental health symptoms on heavy goods vehicle drivers' performance
Journal name ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
Publication date 2009-05-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2009.01.012
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 41
Issue 3
Start page 453
End page 461
Total pages 9
Editor K. Kim
R. Elvik
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject C1
920410 Mental Health
111705 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
Abstract High levels of psychological distress in fulltime employees are prevalent (4.5% per month). Symptoms of impaired mental health include difficulties with attention, concentration, motivation, decision-making, visuo-motor control, and psychomotor reaction times. There is limited research on the impact these symptoms have on heavy goods vehicle (HGV) drivers' performance. In this study 1324 HGV drivers were surveyed using the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS) and the Health and Performance at Work Questionnaire (HPQ). Depression, anxiety and stress had little effect on driver absenteeism rates or self-rated driving performance. However, severe (1.5% of drivers) and very severe (1.8% of drivers) depression was associated with an increased odds ratio (OR=4.5 and 5.0, respectively) for being involved in an accident or near miss in the past 28 days. This odd ratio is akin to driving with a blood alcohol content of about 0.08%. Given the number of HGV vehicles and the prevalence of depression this equates to 10,950 HGV drivers with an increased statistical risk of an accident or near miss. As the impact of HGV accidents is potentially large, including loss of life, it would be sensible to extend the research findings here into an action plan. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Mental health
ANXIETY-STRESS SCALES
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 18:05:28 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Public Health