Twenty-five years of change in scleractinian coral communities of Daya Bay (northern South China Sea) and its response to the 2008 AD extreme cold climate event

Chen, TR, Yu, KF, Shi, Q, Li, S, Price, GJ, Wang, R, Zhao, MX, Chen, TG and Zhao, JX (2009) Twenty-five years of change in scleractinian coral communities of Daya Bay (northern South China Sea) and its response to the 2008 AD extreme cold climate event. Chinese Science Bulletin, 54 12: 2107-2117. doi:10.1007/s11434-009-0007-8


Author Chen, TR
Yu, KF
Shi, Q
Li, S
Price, GJ
Wang, R
Zhao, MX
Chen, TG
Zhao, JX
Title Twenty-five years of change in scleractinian coral communities of Daya Bay (northern South China Sea) and its response to the 2008 AD extreme cold climate event
Journal name Chinese Science Bulletin   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1001-6538
Publication date 2009-06-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11434-009-0007-8
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 54
Issue 12
Start page 2107
End page 2117
Total pages 11
Editor Jianbai Xia
Place of publication Beijing China
Publisher Science Press
Language eng
Subject C1
049999 Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Abstract Coral reefs worldwide are becoming increasingly and detrimentally impacted upon by a variety of factors including significant climate changes, such as global warming and increased El Nino-Southern Oscillation activity. Generally, the persistence of coral reefs, especially at low-latitudes, is governed, in part, by sea surface temperatures not exceeding the critical limit (similar to 30A degrees C) at which mass mortality can occur. Thus, it is thought that corals living at high-latitudes (i.e., currently cooler sea surface temperatures) will likely respond more favourably to hypothesized future temperature increases than corals living at low-latitudes (i.e., currently warmer sea surface temperatures). Consequently, high-latitude coral communities may have the potential to act as regions of refugia for many coral species in the face of potential future global warming. The Daya Bay (22A degrees 31'aEuro"22A degrees 50'N), northern South China Sea, contains several high-latitude non-reefal coral communities and represents one of the most northerly distributions of scleractinian corals within the region. Significantly, Daya Bay has experienced dramatic warming in both air and sea surface temperatures throughout the past 50 years. In this paper, we analyze 25 years of change in the Daya Bay coral communities, based both on historic surveys and our latest 2006-2008 regional ecological surveys. Our results suggest that, contrary to predictions, there have been significant declines in coral cover within the Daya Bay during the past 25 years (i.e., 76.6% coral cover in 1983/1984 to only 15.3% coral cover by 2008). Such changes also reflect a significant shift in the most abundant coral species, from Acropora pruinosa to Favites abdita. Most of the modern coral communities became established between 15 and 30 years ago, corresponding to a period of increased winter sea surface temperature. However, very few colonies have become established within the last 15 years, despite a more intense period of warming. By taking into account additional factors, we hypothesize that direct anthropogenic impacts, rather than climatic events, have both restricted the development, and drove the decline, of Daya Bay coral communities in the last 15 years. The Daya Bay has also been subjected to occasional extreme cold events during the past 50 years, with the most recent occurring in early 2008 (13 January-13 February). During the 2008 cold event, the lowest air temperature reaches only 6.6A degrees C, and the mean sea surface temperature for February fall to < 14A degrees C, including six continuous days at 12.3A degrees C. Significantly, the sea surface temperatures fall below the hypothesized critical lower temperature threshold (similar to 13A degrees C) that commonly leads to mass mortality in scleractinian coral communities. Surprisingly, our coral community surveys, conducted both before (August 2007) and after (late February 2008) the extreme 2008 cold event, demonstrate that the Daya Bay coral ecosystems are barely impacted upon during the cold period. Those observations suggest that the Daya Bay scleractinian coral communities have developed adaptations to low sea surface temperatures. Overall, our data support the hypothesis that high-latitude coral communities, such as Daya Bay, have the potential to act as areas of refugia for scleractinian corals in the advent of potential future global warming.
Keyword high-latitude
MASSIVE REEF CORALS
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Grant ID KZCX2-YW-318
2007CB815905
40830852
DP0773081
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 24 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 17:57:33 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis