Development of self-efficacy and expectancy measures for benzodiazepines

Parr, Jannette M., Kavanagh, David. J., Young, Ross McD. and Connor, Jason P. (2009) Development of self-efficacy and expectancy measures for benzodiazepines. Addictive Behaviors, 34 9: 751-756. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.04.014

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Author Parr, Jannette M.
Kavanagh, David. J.
Young, Ross McD.
Connor, Jason P.
Title Development of self-efficacy and expectancy measures for benzodiazepines
Journal name Addictive Behaviors   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-4603
Publication date 2009-09-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.04.014
Open Access Status
Volume 34
Issue 9
Start page 751
End page 756
Total pages 6
Editor Peter M. Miller
Place of publication United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject C1
111714 Mental Health
170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
920414 Substance Abuse
920410 Mental Health
Abstract This study aimed to develop and assess the reliability and validity of a pair of self-report questionnaires to measure self-efficacy and expectancy associated with benzodiazepine use, the Benzodiazepine Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (BRSEQ) and the Benzodiazepine Expectancy Questionnaire (BEQ). Internal structure of the questionnaires was established by principal component analysis (PCA) in a sample of 155 respondents, and verified by confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) in a second independent sample (n=139) using structural equation modeling. The PCA of the BRSEQ resulted in a 16-item, 4-factor scale, and the BEQ formed an 18-item, 2-factor scale. Both scales were internally reliable. CFA confirmed these internal structures and reduced the questionnaires to a 14-item self-efficacy scale and a 12-item expectancy scale. Lower self-efficacy and higher expectancy were moderately associated with higher scores on the SDS-B. The scales provide reliable measures for assessing benzodiazepine self-efficacy and expectancies. Future research will examine the utility of thescales in prospective prediction of benzodiazepine cessation.
Keyword Benzodiazepines
Expectancy
Factor analysis
Questionnaire
Self-efficacy
Self-report
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 17:51:58 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of Psychiatry - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital