Hazard perception in novice and experienced drivers: The effects of sleepiness

Smith, Simon S., Horswill, Mark S., Chambers, Brooke and Wetton, Mark (2009) Hazard perception in novice and experienced drivers: The effects of sleepiness. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41 4: 729-733. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2009.03.016

Author Smith, Simon S.
Horswill, Mark S.
Chambers, Brooke
Wetton, Mark
Title Hazard perception in novice and experienced drivers: The effects of sleepiness
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
Publication date 2009-07-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2009.03.016
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 41
Issue 4
Start page 729
End page 733
Total pages 5
Editor K Kim
R Elvik
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Language eng
Subject C1
1701 Psychology
970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Abstract One driver skill that has been found to correlate with crash risk is hazard perception ability. The purpose of this study was to investigate how hazard perception latencies change between high and low sleepiness for a high risk group (novice drivers) and a lower risk group (experienced drivers). Thirty-two novice drivers (aged 17–24 years) and 30 experienced drivers (aged 28–36) completed a validated video-based hazard perception test, in which participants were asked to anticipate genuine traffic conflicts in footage filmed from the driver's perspective, with separate groups tested at either 10 a.m. (lower sleepiness) or at 3 a.m. (higher sleepiness). We found a significant interaction between sleepiness and experience, indicating that the hazard perception skills of the more experienced drivers were relatively unaffected by mild increases in sleepiness while the inexperienced drivers were significantly slowed. The findings suggest that the disproportionate sleepiness-related accident involvement of young, inexperienced drivers could be partly due to a slowing of their ability to anticipate traffic hazards.
Keyword Driving
Hazard perception skill
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 53 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 17:49:09 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Psychology