Major conservation policy issues for biodiversity in Oceania

Kingsford, R. T., Watson, J. E. M., Lundquist, C. J., Venter, O., Hughes, L., Johnston, E. L., Atherton, J., Gawel, M., Keith, D.A., Mackey, B.G., Morley, C., Possingham, H. P., Raynor, B., Recher, H. F. and Wilson, K. A. (2009) Major conservation policy issues for biodiversity in Oceania. Conservation Biology, 23 4: 834-840. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01287.x

Author Kingsford, R. T.
Watson, J. E. M.
Lundquist, C. J.
Venter, O.
Hughes, L.
Johnston, E. L.
Atherton, J.
Gawel, M.
Keith, D.A.
Mackey, B.G.
Morley, C.
Possingham, H. P.
Raynor, B.
Recher, H. F.
Wilson, K. A.
Title Major conservation policy issues for biodiversity in Oceania
Journal name Conservation Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0888-8892
Publication date 2009-08-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01287.x
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 23
Issue 4
Start page 834
End page 840
Total pages 7
Editor G. Meffe
Place of publication Malden, MA, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Subject 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
050202 Conservation and Biodiversity
Abstract Oceania is a diverse region encompassing Australia, Melanesia, Micronesia, New Zealand, and Polynesia, and it contains six of the world's 39 hotspots of diversity. It has a poor record for extinctions, particularly for birds on islands and mammals. Major causes include habitat loss and degradation, invasive species, and overexploitation. We identified six major threatening processes (habitat loss and degradation, invasive species, climate change, overexploitation, pollution, and disease) based on a comprehensive review of the literature and for each developed a set of conservation policies. Many policies reflect the urgent need to deal with the effects of burgeoning human populations (expected to increase significantly in the region) on biodiversity. There is considerable difference in resources for conservation, including people and available scientific information, which are heavily biased toward more developed countries in Oceania. Most scientific publications analyzed for four threats (habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution) are from developed countries: 88.6% of Web of Science publications were from Australia (53.7%), New Zealand (24.3%), and Hawaiian Islands (10.5%). Many island states have limited resources or expertise. Even countries that do (e.g., Australia, New Zealand) have ongoing and emerging significant challenges, particularly with the interactive effects of climate change. Oceania will require the implementation of effective policies for conservation if the region's poor record on extinctions is not to continue.
Keyword Oceania
Conservation policy
Extinction causes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 13 July 2009.

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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 17:48:16 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Biological Sciences