An updated atlas of human helminth infections: The example of East Africa

Brooker, S, Kabatereine, NB, Smith, JL, Mupfasoni, D, Mwanje, MT, Ndayishimiye, O, Lwambo, NJS, Mbotha, D, Karanja, P, Mwandawiro, C, Muchiri, E, Clements, ACA, Bundy, DAP and Snow, RW (2009) An updated atlas of human helminth infections: The example of East Africa. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH GEOGRAPHICS, 8 42: xx-xx. doi:10.1186/1476-072X-8-42


Author Brooker, S
Kabatereine, NB
Smith, JL
Mupfasoni, D
Mwanje, MT
Ndayishimiye, O
Lwambo, NJS
Mbotha, D
Karanja, P
Mwandawiro, C
Muchiri, E
Clements, ACA
Bundy, DAP
Snow, RW
Title An updated atlas of human helminth infections: The example of East Africa
Journal name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH GEOGRAPHICS   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1476-072X
Publication date 2009-07-01
Year available 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/1476-072X-8-42
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Issue 42
Start page xx
End page xx
Total pages 11
Editor Kamel Boulos, Maged.N.
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Language eng
Subject C1
920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
110803 Medical Parasitology
Abstract Background: Reliable and updated maps of helminth (worm) infection distributions are essential to target control strategies to those populations in greatest need. Although many surveys have been conducted in endemic countries, the data are rarely available in a form that is accessible to policy makers and the managers of public health programmes. This is especially true in sub-Saharan Africa, where empirical data are seldom in the public domain. In an attempt to address the paucity of geographical information on helminth risk, this article describes the development of an updated global atlas of human helminth infection, showing the example of East Africa. Methods: Empirical, cross-sectional estimates of infection prevalence conducted since 1980 were identified using electronic and manual search strategies of published and unpublished sources. A number of inclusion criteria were imposed for identified information, which was extracted into a standardized database. Details of survey population, diagnostic methods, sample size and numbers infected with schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths were recorded. A unique identifier linked each record to an electronic copy of the source document, in portable document format. An attempt was made to identify the geographical location of each record using standardized geolocation procedures and the assembled data were incorporated into a geographical information system. Results: At the time of writing, over 2,748 prevalence surveys were identified through multiple search strategies. Of these, 2,612 were able to be geolocated and mapped. More than half (58%) of included surveys were from grey literature or unpublished sources, underlining the importance of reviewing in-country sources. 66% of all surveys were conducted since 2000. Comprehensive, countrywide data are available for Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda. In contrast, information for Kenya and Tanzania is typically clustered in specific regions of the country, with few records from areas with very low population density and/or environmental conditions which are unfavourable for helminth transmission. Information is presented on the prevalence and geographical distribution for the major helminth species. Conclusion: For all five countries, the information assembled in the current atlas provides the most reliable, up-to-date and comprehensive source of data on the distribution of common helminth infections to guide the rational implementation of control efforts.
Keyword SCHISTOSOMA-MANSONI
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2010 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 03 Sep 2009, 17:44:14 EST by Mr Andrew Martlew on behalf of School of Public Health