Urbanization and Fertility: An Event-History Analysis of Coastal Ghana

White, Michael J., Muhidin, Salut, Andrzejewski, Catherine, Tagoe, Eva, Kinght, Rodney and Reed, Holly (2008) Urbanization and Fertility: An Event-History Analysis of Coastal Ghana. Demography, 45 4: 803-816. doi:10.1353/dem.0.0035

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Author White, Michael J.
Muhidin, Salut
Andrzejewski, Catherine
Tagoe, Eva
Kinght, Rodney
Reed, Holly
Title Urbanization and Fertility: An Event-History Analysis of Coastal Ghana
Journal name Demography   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0070-3370
Publication date 2008-11-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1353/dem.0.0035
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 45
Issue 4
Start page 803
End page 816
Total pages 14
Place of publication Washington DC, USA
Publisher Population Association of America
Language eng
Subject 160302 Fertility
160303 Migration
160301 Family and Household Studies
1603 Demography
Abstract In this article, we undertake an event-history analysis of fertility in Ghana. We exploit detailed life history calendar data to conduct a more refined and definitive analysis of the relationship among personal traits, urban residence, and fertility. Although urbanization is generally associated with lower fertility in developing countries, inferences in most studies have been hampered by a lack of information about the timing of residence in relationship to childbearing. We find that the effect of urbanization itself is strong, evident, and complex, and persists after we control for the effects of age, cohort, union status, and education. Our discrete-time event- history analysis shows that urban women exhibit fertility rates that are, on average, 11% lower than those of rural women, but the effects vary by parity. Differences in urban population traits would augment the effects of urban adaptation itself. Extensions of the analysis point to the operation of a selection effect in rural-to-urban mobility but provide limited evidence for disruption effects. The possibility of further selection of urbanward migrants on unmeasured traits remains. The analysis also demonstrates the utility of an annual life history calendar for collecting such data in the field.
Keyword event history analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 29 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 25 Aug 2009, 21:01:28 EST by Dr Salahudin Muhidin on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management