Contexts and control operations used in accessing list-specific, generalized, and semantic memories

Humphreys, Michael S., Murray, Krista L. and Maguire, Angela M. (2009) Contexts and control operations used in accessing list-specific, generalized, and semantic memories. Cognitive Psychology, 58 3: 311-337. doi:10.1016/j.cogpsych.2008.10.001


Author Humphreys, Michael S.
Murray, Krista L.
Maguire, Angela M.
Title Contexts and control operations used in accessing list-specific, generalized, and semantic memories
Journal name Cognitive Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0010-0285
Publication date 2009-05-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2008.10.001
Volume 58
Issue 3
Start page 311
End page 337
Total pages 27
Place of publication New York, USA
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Subject C1
1701 Psychology
Abstract The human ability to focus memory retrieval operations on a particular list, episode or memory structure has not been fully appreciated or documented. In Experiment 1–3, we make it increasingly difficult for participants to switch between a less recent list (multiple study opportunities), and a more recent list (single study opportunity). Task performance was good, although there was a cost associated with switching. In Experiment 4, list-specific learning experiences were used to create a generalized memory as a step towards semantic memory. List-specific memories intruded during attempts to retrieve the generalized memory and the generalized memory enhanced list-specific performance. The generalized memory also intruded in a free-association task. We propose that a hierarchy of contexts and control operations underlie the human ability to access different memory structures and that there is no sharp discontinuity in the control operations needed to access list-specific, generalized, and semantic memories.
Keyword Memory access
Task switching
Control processes
Episodic memory
Semantic memory
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 7 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 16 Jun 2009, 00:33:55 EST by Cameron Harris on behalf of Faculty of Social & Behavioural Sciences