Establishing the validity and reliability of the state self-esteem scale

Chau, Janita P. C., Thompson, David, Chang, Anne M. and Woo, Jean (2008). Establishing the validity and reliability of the state self-esteem scale. In: Dr Vladimir Hachinski, Stroke. International Stroke Conference 2008, New Orleans, U.S.A, (681-681). 19-22 February 2009.

Author Chau, Janita P. C.
Thompson, David
Chang, Anne M.
Woo, Jean
Title of paper Establishing the validity and reliability of the state self-esteem scale
Conference name International Stroke Conference 2008
Conference location New Orleans, U.S.A
Conference dates 19-22 February 2009
Proceedings title Stroke   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Stroke   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication United States
Publisher Lippincott William & Wilkins
Publication Year 2008
Sub-type Published abstract
ISSN 0039-2499
Editor Dr Vladimir Hachinski
Volume 39
Issue 2
Start page 681
End page 681
Total pages 1
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Introduction Self-esteem is a feeling of self worth. Positive self-esteem can buffer stress by enhancing the implementation of efficacious coping strategies; poor self-esteem can result in diminishing self-appreciation and creating self-defeating attitudes. While self-esteem could be regarded as a stable trait that predicts future behavior, it could be argued that situational and environmental factors will change it. Self-esteem is a major factor determining recovery, rehabilitation and integration for stroke patients, with longitudinal studies showing it to be a significant predictor of physical, social and psychological functioning. Thus, there is a need for a valid and reliable measure of self-esteem. Although the Chinese version of the State Self-Esteem Scale (SSES) has been used in this population, no study has examined its construct validity and reliability. Methods Data from 265 Chinese stroke patients before discharge from two rehabilitation hospitals were factor analysed using principal-components analysis (PCA) with oblique rotation. The Kaiser rule and scree test were used to decide the number of components to be retained. An internal consistency analysis of the SSES was also conducted. Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated between the SSES and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) to determine convergent validity. Results The final factor solution comprised a three-factor model with correlated constructs, and accounted for 49.5% of the total variance. The eigenvalue of the three factors were 5.07 (performance self-esteem), 2.34 (appearance self-esteem), and 1.99 (social self-esteem) respectively. The factor loadings for the items showed that they were adequate indicators of their respective factors (all >0.3). All items except for Item 7 (“I am dissatisfied with my weight”) loaded primarily on one of the factors. Cronbach alphas for the SSES subscales ranged from 0.73– 0.81. Significant negative correlations were found between the GDS and the SSES subscale scores (r-0.31 to -0.55, p<0.01) indicating that the SSES had acceptable convergent validity. Conclusion The SSES appears to be a useful measure for assessing state self-esteem in stroke patients. Since the data were obtained from convenience samples, further studies from randomly selected samples are warranted. A confirmatory factor analysis is needed to further test the underlying factor structure and to determine whether the current factor structure required modification.
Subjects 321204 Mental Health
Keyword Self-esteem
Psychology - Congresses
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

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Created: Fri, 15 May 2009, 19:26:13 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work