Preparation of new composite membranes for water desalination using electrodialysis

Klaysom, Chalida, Germain, Leatitia, Burr, Shawn, Ladewig, Bradley P., Wang, Lianzhou, Diniz Da Costa, Joe C. and Lu, G.Q. M. (2008). Preparation of new composite membranes for water desalination using electrodialysis. In: N. H. Voelcker and H. W. Thissen, Smart Materials V. Conference on Smart Materials V, Melbourne, Australia, (C1-C8). 10-12 December 2008. doi:10.1117/12.810443

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Author Klaysom, Chalida
Germain, Leatitia
Burr, Shawn
Ladewig, Bradley P.
Wang, Lianzhou
Diniz Da Costa, Joe C.
Lu, G.Q. M.
Title of paper Preparation of new composite membranes for water desalination using electrodialysis
Conference name Conference on Smart Materials V
Conference location Melbourne, Australia
Conference dates 10-12 December 2008
Convener RMIT University
Proceedings title Smart Materials V   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher SPIE
Publication Year 2008
Year available 2008
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.1117/12.810443
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
ISBN 978-0-8194-7519-0
ISSN 0277-786X
Editor N. H. Voelcker
H. W. Thissen
Volume 7267
Start page C1
End page C8
Total pages 8
Language eng
Abstract/Summary The use of polyethersulfone (PES), an excellent but highly hydrophobic thermoplastic, as a matrix material for ion-exchange membranes was investigated. To make PES ion-exchangeable, sulfonate groups were introduced to the polymer chains by sulfonation reaction with chlorosulfonic acid. The degree of sulfonation of sPES was estimated to be 21%. Preliminary experiments investigated the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and Pluronic F127 as fillers to improve the hydrophilicity of the membranes. Moreover, a lab scale electrodialysis cell has been designed and set up to evaluate the performance of these novel membranes compared to the benchmark of commercial membranes. The results show promising properties of ion-exchange capacity, water uptake, conductivity and hydophilicity from blended membranes, comparable to commercial membranes, though the performance of the prepared membranes did not exceed the commercial one. Further characterization of the transport properties of ion-exchange membranes need to be investigated to be able to understand the effects of the fillers on the performance of the membranes in ED application.
Subjects E1
0904 Chemical Engineering
9004 Water and Waste Services
Keyword Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
Optics
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Materials Science
Optics
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Copyright 2008 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

Document type: Conference Paper
Sub-type: Fully published paper
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Chemical Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 17 Apr 2009, 19:53:58 EST by Gail Smith on behalf of School of Chemical Engineering