Extending Gregory VII's 'Friendship Network': Social contacts in late eleventh-century France

Rennie, Kriston R. (2008) Extending Gregory VII's 'Friendship Network': Social contacts in late eleventh-century France. History, 93 312: 475-496. doi:10.1111/j.1468-229X.2008.00437.x

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Author Rennie, Kriston R.
Title Extending Gregory VII's 'Friendship Network': Social contacts in late eleventh-century France
Journal name History   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0018-2648
Publication date 2008-10-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1468-229X.2008.00437.x
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 93
Issue 312
Start page 475
End page 496
Total pages 22
Editor Joseph Smith
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Language eng
Subject C1
970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology
210307 European History (excl. British, Classical Greek and Roman)
Abstract In the last quarter of the eleventh century, the Roman Church had a capable ruler and defender in Pope Gregory VII (1073–85). Despite his otherwise charismatic authority, however, Gregory's ability to extend his influence beyond the papacy's more immediate control of Rome and the Campagna was limited. Filling this administrative and legal gap was the emerging office of legation, developing ad hoc under Gregory VII in matters of reform and law. Papal legates such as the French representative, Bishop Hugh of Die (later archbishop of Lyons), became crucial figures in the machinery of papal government. They assumed a vital role in the transmission of reforming legislation north of the Alps while effectively widening Gregory VII's 'friendship network' to encompass influential members of the local and regional clerical and lay elite. With the assistance of this ecclesiastical office, moreover, the papacy significantly enhanced its opportunity for social contacts, thereby strengthening its hold on the more distant provinces of Western Christendom. By focusing on existing and growing social networks in late eleventh-century France, this article examines Hugh of Die's role as an instrument of church reform, and assesses this legate's impact on the larger papal reform initiative in France.
Keyword History
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
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Created: Fri, 17 Apr 2009, 03:32:07 EST by Mr William Gatherer on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry