Latitudinal symbiont zonation in Stylophora pistillata from southeast Africa

Macdonald, Angus H. H., Sampayo, Eugenia M., Ridgway, Tyrone and Schleyer, Michael H. (2008) Latitudinal symbiont zonation in Stylophora pistillata from southeast Africa. Marine Biology, 154 2: 209-217. doi:10.1007/s00227-008-0915-1

Author Macdonald, Angus H. H.
Sampayo, Eugenia M.
Ridgway, Tyrone
Schleyer, Michael H.
Title Latitudinal symbiont zonation in Stylophora pistillata from southeast Africa
Formatted title
Latitudinal symbiont zonation in Stylophora pistillata from southeast Africa
Journal name Marine Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-3162
Publication date 2008-04-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00227-008-0915-1
Open Access Status
Volume 154
Issue 2
Start page 209
End page 217
Total pages 9
Editor U. Sommer
Place of publication Germany
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Subject C1
960808 Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Abstract Studies on latitudinal gradients in Symbiodinium diversity on scleractinian corals are largely restricted to warm-water low latitude locations, and it appears that there is a shift in symbiont distributions with increasing latitude. The Symbiodinium assemblages of high latitude coral communities have largely been undocumented despite occupying an important transitional zone between tropical and temperate regions. Using a combination of the internal transcribed spacer region 2 (ITS2) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), we assessed the cladal and subcladal variability of Symbiodinium in the widely distributed species Stylophora pistillata along a latitudinal transect in southeast African waters which extended into high latitude locations. All colonies examined belonged to clade C. Six unique ITS2-DGGE banding profiles (designated Cspa to Cspf) were observed, which showed a latitudinal distribution from north to south, most likely a result of a gradient in water temperature and irradiance driven by riverine input in the southern regions. Sequence analysis revealed that all sequences except one did not match previously identified clade C sub-types, probably due to the lack of regional information in the Western Indian Ocean when compared to the Caribbean and Pacific. This study further supports the applicability of ITS2-DGGE in studies on Symbiodinium diversity, and highlights that potentially ecologically informative biogeographic patterns may be overlooked when only cladal designations are employed.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Centre for Marine Studies Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 19 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 18 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 16 Apr 2009, 01:40:24 EST by Peter Fogarty on behalf of Centre for Marine Studies