Alcohol and substance use in the Arabian Gulf region: A review

AlMarri, T. S. and Oei, Tian P. S. (2009) Alcohol and substance use in the Arabian Gulf region: A review. International Journal of Psychology, 44 3: 222-233. doi:10.1080/00207590801888752

Author AlMarri, T. S.
Oei, Tian P. S.
Title Alcohol and substance use in the Arabian Gulf region: A review
Journal name International Journal of Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1464-066X
Publication date 2009-01-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/00207590801888752
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 44
Issue 3
Start page 222
End page 233
Total pages 12
Editor L. Hernandez-Guzman
Place of publication London, U.K.
Publisher Psychology Press
Language eng
Subject C1
920414 Substance Abuse
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Abstract Despite cultural, social, religious, and legal constraints on Muslim Arab nationals living in the Arabian Peninsula against the consumption of alcohol or drugs, usage and dependence do exist. The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review, compiling and critiquing the literature in this interesting yet neglected area. Information about the current status of alcohol and substance abuse research and knowledge in the Arabian Gulf region will be presented, providing an accessible synopsis of available papers. A systematic review of English and Arabic language literature was conducted by searching electronic databases (1975-2007) and conducting hand searches of Arab published journals. Only studies investigating alcohol and/or substance use or abuse issues with participants (1) of Arab nationality, (2) living in an Arabian Gulf country, and (3) of Muslim faith were included. Within this literature, the majority of research has been conducted with clinical male participants. The most commonly abused drugs are alcohol, heroin, and hashish. Literature investigating the substance use domain with people who are not seeking treatment for addiction is extremely limited. Although the research is largely in its infancy, it does however confirm alcohol and substance abuse in Muslim, Gulf Arab nationals. We strongly urge that further research into substance use and abuse in this region is conducted. Community investigations assessing the prevalence, magnitude, and associated problems with alcohol and substance abuse and also research into valid and reliable measurements in these countries are warranted.
Keyword Eastern Saudi-Arabia
Drinking Behavior
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online 12th April 2008.

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Created: Wed, 15 Apr 2009, 07:20:20 EST by Mrs Jennifer English on behalf of School of Psychology