Hallucinations in adolescent inpatients with post-traumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia: Similarities and differences

Jessop, Mary, Scott, James and Nurcombe, Barry (2008) Hallucinations in adolescent inpatients with post-traumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia: Similarities and differences. Australasian Psychiatry, 16 4: 268-272. doi:10.1080/10398560801982580


Author Jessop, Mary
Scott, James
Nurcombe, Barry
Title Hallucinations in adolescent inpatients with post-traumatic stress disorder and schizophrenia: Similarities and differences
Journal name Australasian Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1039-8562
1440-1665
Publication date 2008-01-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/10398560801982580
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 16
Issue 4
Start page 268
End page 272
Total pages 5
Editor G. Walter
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage
Language eng
Subject C1
110319 Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
920410 Mental Health
1103 Clinical Sciences
Abstract Objective: This study compares the phenomenology of hallucinations in a series of hospitalized adolescents diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and schizophrenia.
Formatted abstract
Objective: This study compares the phenomenology of hallucinations in a series of hospitalized adolescents diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and schizophrenia.
Methods: Subjects admitted to a tertiary adolescent inpatient unit were screened for hallucinations. Those reporting hallucinations were asked standardized questions relating to these experiences. Hallucinations in subjects with a primary diagnosis of schizophrenia or PTSD were compared.
Results: Hallucinations in both schizophrenia and PTSD have similar form and content. Frequent, vivid, realistic, external hallucinations occurred in both disorders. Hallucinations in PTSD were usually derogatory and related to selfharm, but not direct reflections of traumatic events. Patients with PTSD reported greater emotional distress, self-harm and suicidal ideation than those with schizophrenia.
Conclusions: This case series suggests that the phenomenology of hallucinations in adolescents with schizophrenia and PTSD is similar.
Keyword Adolescents
Hallucinations
Phenomenology
Post-traumatic
Stress disorder
Schizophrenia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 22 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 15 Apr 2009, 02:14:34 EST by Sheila Cleary on behalf of Psychiatry - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital