The optimal temperature of first aid treatment for partial thickness burn injuries

Cuttle, Leila, Kempf, Margit, Kravchuk, Olena, Phillips, Gael E., Mill, Julie, Wang, Xue-Qing and Kimble, Roy M. (2008) The optimal temperature of first aid treatment for partial thickness burn injuries. Wound Repair and Regeneration, 16 5: 626-634. doi:10.1111/j.1524-475X.2008.00413.x

Author Cuttle, Leila
Kempf, Margit
Kravchuk, Olena
Phillips, Gael E.
Mill, Julie
Wang, Xue-Qing
Kimble, Roy M.
Title The optimal temperature of first aid treatment for partial thickness burn injuries
Journal name Wound Repair and Regeneration   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1067-1927
Publication date 2008-09-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1524-475X.2008.00413.x
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 16
Issue 5
Start page 626
End page 634
Total pages 9
Editor W. J. Lindblad
Place of publication United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc
Language eng
Subject C1
920117 Skin and Related Disorders
110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Abstract Using our porcine model of deep dermal partial thickness burn injury, various cooling techniques (15 °C running water, 2 °C running water, ice) of first aid were applied for 20 minutes compared with a control (ambient temperature). The subdermal temperatures were monitored during the treatment and wounds observed and photographed weekly for 6 weeks, observing reepithelialization, wound surface area and cosmetic appearance. Tissue histology and scar tensile strength were examined 6 weeks after burn. The 2 °C and ice treatments decreased the subdermal temperature the fastest and lowest, however, generally the 15 and 2 °C treated wounds had better outcomes in terms of reepithelialization, scar histology, and scar appearance. These findings provide evidence to support the current first aid guidelines of cold tap water (approximately 15 °C) for 20 minutes as being beneficial in helping to heal the burn wound. Colder water at 2 °C is also beneficial. Ice should not be used.
Keyword Cell Biology
Medicine, Research & Experimental
Cell Biology
Research & Experimental Medicine
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Wed, 15 Apr 2009, 00:53:19 EST by Amanda Jones on behalf of Paediatrics & Child Health - RBWH