Cannabis abuse and dependence

Hall, Wayne D., Degenhardt, L. and Patton, G. (2008). Cannabis abuse and dependence. In Cecilia A. Essau (Ed.), Adolescent addiction: Epidemiology, assessment and treatment (pp. 117-148) Amsterdam: Academic Press. doi:10.1016/B978-012373625-3.50006-1

Author Hall, Wayne D.
Degenhardt, L.
Patton, G.
Title of chapter Cannabis abuse and dependence
Title of book Adolescent addiction: Epidemiology, assessment and treatment
Place of Publication Amsterdam
Publisher Academic Press
Publication Year 2008
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.1016/B978-012373625-3.50006-1
Open Access Status
ISBN 978-0-12-373625-3
Editor Cecilia A. Essau
Start page 117
End page 148
Total pages 32
Total chapters 11
Language eng
Subjects B1
920414 Substance Abuse
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Abstract/Summary Cannabis use has become very common among adolescents in many developed countries over the past several decades. The age of initiation has fallen steadily, while rates of regular use have risen. Both of these trends have been accompanied by increased rates of cannabis abuse and dependence among young people in specialist addiction and mental health services, in juvenile justice settings, and those under-performing at school. Cannabis dependence is correlated with being male and displaying disruptive and antisocial behavior and, to a lesser extent, with anxiety and depression. It is strongly predictive of alcohol and other forms of drug dependence, early school leaving, antisocial behavior and imprisonment. Risk factors for problem cannabis use among adolescents include: initiating use at an early age; exposure to multiple social and family disadvantages; families with problems and a history of parental substance use; impulsivity and poor school performance; and affiliation with peers with a history of poor school performance, family disadvantage, and cannabis and other drug use. Possible consequences of adolescent cannabis use include an increased risk of using of other illicit drugs, poor educational attainment, depression, and psychosis. Treatment for cannabis abuse and dependence in adolescents is largely behavioral and cognitive behavioral. Broader preventive initiatives are required to address multiple risk factors for a range of co-occurring forms of problem behavior in young people. These include early childhood programs to support parents of at risk children, programs to support children entering school, programs in the early school years, programs to include engagement with school by adolescents and their parents, and parental effectiveness training in responding to problem behavior.
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Thu, 09 Apr 2009, 23:30:24 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health