Smoking reduction and cessation among young adult women: a 7-year prospective analysis

McDermott, Liane, Dobson, Annette and Owen, Neville (2008) Smoking reduction and cessation among young adult women: a 7-year prospective analysis. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 10 9: 1457-1466. doi:10.1080/14622200802323241


Author McDermott, Liane
Dobson, Annette
Owen, Neville
Title Smoking reduction and cessation among young adult women: a 7-year prospective analysis
Journal name Nicotine & Tobacco Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1462-2203
Publication date 2008-09-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14622200802323241
Open Access Status
Volume 10
Issue 9
Start page 1457
End page 1466
Total pages 10
Editor David J. K. Balfour
Place of publication Abingdon, England
Publisher Oxford University Press
Language eng
Subject 920507 Women's Health
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
C1
Abstract This study examined transitions in smoking behavior and attributes associated with reductions in daily smoking and subsequent cessation over a 7-year period. Data came from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Women aged 18-23 years in 1996 were randomly selected from the national health insurance database. Mailed questionnaires were distributed in 1996 (survey 1), 2000 (survey 2), and 2003 (survey 3). The analysis sample was all 972 women who were daily smokers with complete data on smoking at survey 1, and who participated in all three surveys. The main outcome variable was transitions in smoking behavior between surveys 1, 2, and 3, which included changes in the number of cigarettes smoked, changes to nonsmoking, and changes to nondaily smoking. Explanatory variables included prior smoking history, sociodemographic, lifestyle, psychosocial, and health-related characteristics. Over the 7-year period, one-quarter of daily smokers reduced and maintained a lower level of smoking. Reducers were most likely to have been heavy smokers and to have used illicit drugs, compared with those who stopped smoking. A change from daily to nondaily smoking at survey 2 predicted cessation at survey 3 when compared with no change in baseline smoking rate. Baseline smoking level was not a significant predictor of smoking cessation, while becoming married, having a higher physical health score, and not using illicit drugs increased the odds of cessation. Our study suggests that reducing from daily to nondaily smoking may promote smoking cessation among daily smokers. This observation warrants verification in other populations and in experimental studies.
Keyword PREDICTS FUTURE CESSATION
CIGARETTE-SMOKING
AUSTRALIAN WOMEN
LIFE TRANSITIONS
HEALTH AUSTRALIA
SMOKERS
COHORT
INCREASE
USERS
QUIT
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Cancer Prevention Research Centre Publications
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 09 Apr 2009, 22:17:41 EST by Cathy Swart on behalf of School of Public Health