Illicit drug use and the burden of disease

Hall, Wayne D., Degenhardt, L. and Sindicich, N. (2008). Illicit drug use and the burden of disease. In Kristian Heggenhougen and Stella Quah (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Public Health (pp. 523-530) San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press. doi:10.1016/B978-012373960-5.00355-5

Author Hall, Wayne D.
Degenhardt, L.
Sindicich, N.
Title of chapter Illicit drug use and the burden of disease
Title of book International Encyclopedia of Public Health
Place of Publication San Diego, CA, USA
Publisher Academic Press
Publication Year 2008
Sub-type Chapter in reference work, encyclopaedia, manual or handbook
DOI 10.1016/B978-012373960-5.00355-5
Open Access Status
Year available 2008
ISBN 9780122272257
Editor Kristian Heggenhougen
Stella Quah
Volume number 3
Start page 523
End page 530
Total pages 8
Total chapters 30
Language eng
Subjects 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Abstract/Summary There are two major challenges in estimating the burden of disease (BOD) attributable to illicit drug use. These are (1) the poor quality of data on the prevalence of the major types of illicit drug use, namely, cannabis, amfetamine-type stimulants (ATS), opioid, and cocaine use; and (2) the limited epidemiological database from cohort studies of the mortality and morbidity that can be attributed to the use of these drugs. The best available epidemiologically based data on disease burden is that attributable to the use of illicit opioids, which have been shown to increase overall morbidity and mortality from AIDS, overdose, suicide, and trauma. There are strong indications that the stimulants cocaine and ATS contribute to the same causes of death but there are limited longitudinal studies to quantify their contribution. In 2000, illicit opioid use was estimated to contribute to about 200 000 deaths globally. This accounted for 0.8% of the global BOD. Similar estimates have recently been derived using similar methods in Australia. To improve on future estimates of illicit drug-related BOD, better estimates are needed of the prevalence of use of all illicit drugs and better epidemiological data are required on the morbidity and mortality attributable to cannabis, cocaine, and ATS drugs.
Keyword Substance abuse
Public health
Burden of disease
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Thu, 09 Apr 2009, 20:30:41 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences