A pilot study of the validity of self-reported ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection practices. Photochemistry and Photobiology

O’Riordan, David L., Glanz, Karen, Gies, Peter and Elliott, Tom (2008) A pilot study of the validity of self-reported ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection practices. Photochemistry and Photobiology. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 84 3: 774-778. doi:10.1111/j.1751-1097.2007.00262.x


Author O’Riordan, David L.
Glanz, Karen
Gies, Peter
Elliott, Tom
Title A pilot study of the validity of self-reported ultraviolet radiation exposure and sun protection practices. Photochemistry and Photobiology
Journal name Photochemistry and Photobiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0031-8655
Publication date 2008-01-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2007.00262.x
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 84
Issue 3
Start page 774
End page 778
Total pages 5
Editor John D. Simon
Place of publication United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Language eng
Subject C1
920401 Behaviour and Health
111712 Health Promotion
111716 Preventive Medicine
Abstract Outdoor recreation settings, such as swimming pools, provide a promising venue to assess UVR exposure and sun protection practices among individuals who are minimally clothed and exposed to potentially high levels of UVR. Most studies assessing sun exposure/protection practices rely on self-reported data, which are subject to bias. The aim of this study was to establish the feasibility of conducting a multimethod study to examine the validity of self-reported measures within a swimming pool setting. Data were collected from 27 lifeguards, children and parents in Hawaii. Each participant filled out a survey and a 4 day sun habits diary. On two occasions, researchers assessed observable sun protection behaviors (wearing hats, shirts, sunglasses), swabbed the skin to detect the presence of sunscreen, and subjects wore polysulphone dosimeters to measure UVR exposure. Overall, observed sun protection behaviors were more highly correlated with diary reports than with survey reports. While lifeguards and children reported spending comparable amounts of time in the sun, dosimeter measures showed that lifeguards received twice as much UVR exposure. This study demonstrated the feasibility of implementing a multimethod validity study within a broader population of swimming pools.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
Cancer Prevention Research Centre Publications
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 08 Apr 2009, 22:10:33 EST by Cathy Swart on behalf of School of Public Health