The Effect of a Proprioceptive Balance Board Training Program for the Prevention of Ankle Sprains: A Prospective Controlled Trial

Verhagen, Evert, van der Beek, Allard, Twisk, Jos, Bouter, Lex, Bahr, Roald and van Mechelen, Willem (2004) The Effect of a Proprioceptive Balance Board Training Program for the Prevention of Ankle Sprains: A Prospective Controlled Trial. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 32 6: 1385-1393. doi:10.1177/0363546503262177


Author Verhagen, Evert
van der Beek, Allard
Twisk, Jos
Bouter, Lex
Bahr, Roald
van Mechelen, Willem
Title The Effect of a Proprioceptive Balance Board Training Program for the Prevention of Ankle Sprains: A Prospective Controlled Trial
Journal name The American Journal of Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0363-5465
Publication date 2004-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0363546503262177
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 32
Issue 6
Start page 1385
End page 1393
Total pages 9
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, CA.
Publisher Sage
Language eng
Subject 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Formatted abstract
Background: Ankle sprains are the most common injuries in a variety of sports.

Hypothesis: A proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball players.

Study Design: Prospective controlled study.

Methods: There were 116 male and female volleyball teams followed prospectively during the 2001–2002 season. Teams were randomized by 4 geographical regions to an intervention group (66 teams, 641 players) and control group (50 teams, 486 players). Intervention teams followed a prescribed balance board training program; control teams followed their normal training routine. The coaches recorded exposure on a weekly basis for each player. Injuries were registered by the players within 1 week after onset.

Results: Significantly fewer ankle sprains in the intervention group were found compared to the control group (risk difference = 0.4/1000 playing hours; 95% confidence interval, 0.1–0.7). A significant reduction in ankle sprain risk was found only for players with a history of ankle sprains. The incidence of overuse knee injuries for players with history of knee injury was increased in the intervention group. History of knee injury may be a contraindication for proprioceptive balance board training.

Conclusions: Use of proprioceptive balance board program is effective for prevention of ankle sprain recurrences.
Keyword prevention
ankle sprains
volleyball
proprioception
prospective
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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