Physical Activity for People with a Disability: A Conceptual Model

van der Ploeg, Hidde P., van der Beek, Allard J., van der Woude, Luc H. V. and van Mechelen, Willem (2004) Physical Activity for People with a Disability: A Conceptual Model. Sports Medicine, 34 10: 639-649. doi:10.2165/00007256-200434100-00002


Author van der Ploeg, Hidde P.
van der Beek, Allard J.
van der Woude, Luc H. V.
van Mechelen, Willem
Title Physical Activity for People with a Disability: A Conceptual Model
Journal name Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0112-1642
Publication date 2004-01-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2165/00007256-200434100-00002
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 34
Issue 10
Start page 639
End page 649
Total pages 11
Place of publication Auckland
Publisher ADIS Press
Language eng
Subject 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Abstract The promotion of a physically active lifestyle has become an important issue in health policy in first-world countries. A physically active lifestyle is accompanied by several fitness and health benefits. Individuals with a disability can particularly benefit from an active lifestyle: not only does it reduce the risk for secondary health problems, but all levels of functioning can be influenced positively. The objective of this article is to propose a conceptual model that describes the relationships between physical activity behaviour, its determinants and functioning of people with a disability. The literature was systematically searched for articles considering physical activity and disability, and models relating both topics were looked for in particular. No models were found relating physical activity behaviour, its determinants and functioning in people with a disability. Consequently, a new model, the Physical Activity for people with a Disability (PAD) model, was constructed based on existing models of disability and models of determinants of physical activity behaviour. The starting point was the new WHO Model of Functioning and Disability, part of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), which describes the multidimensional aspects of functioning and disability. Physical activity behaviour and its determinants were integrated into the ICF model. The factors determining physical activity were based mainly on those used in the Attitude, Social influence and self-Efficacy (ASE) model. The proposed model can be used as a theoretical framework for future interventions and research on physical activity promotion in the population of people with a disability. The model currently forms the theoretical basis for a large physical activity promotion trial in ten Dutch rehabilitation centres
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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