Comparison of Short Questionnaires on Alcohol Drinking Behavior in a Nonclinical Population of 36-Year-Old Men and Women

Koppes, Lando L. J., Twisk, Jos W. R., Snel, Jan, Van Mechelen, Willem and Kemper, Han C. G. (2004) Comparison of Short Questionnaires on Alcohol Drinking Behavior in a Nonclinical Population of 36-Year-Old Men and Women. Substance Use & Misuse, 39 7: 1041-1060. doi:10.1081/JA-120030061


Author Koppes, Lando L. J.
Twisk, Jos W. R.
Snel, Jan
Van Mechelen, Willem
Kemper, Han C. G.
Title Comparison of Short Questionnaires on Alcohol Drinking Behavior in a Nonclinical Population of 36-Year-Old Men and Women
Journal name Substance Use & Misuse   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1082-6084
Publication date 2004-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1081/JA-120030061
Open Access Status
Volume 39
Issue 7
Start page 1041
End page 1060
Total pages 20
Place of publication New York
Publisher Marcel Dekker
Language eng
Subject 1701 Psychology
Abstract Little is known on the diagnostic characteristics of brief questionnaires on alcohol drinking behaviors. This report investigates the determinants of three short alcohol questionnaires and investigates their diagnostic utility as screening tools for alcohol-related problems in a general population from The Netherlands. This report uses cross-sectional data obtained in the year 2000 from 36-year-old healthy male (N = 166) and female (N = 165) volunteers who reported to drink alcohol at least occasionally. Since they were 13-years-old these volunteers have been members of the Amsterdam Growth And Health Longitudinal Study, which started as a school-based study in 1977. Among many other variables, quantity-frequency questions (QF), the CAGE questionnaire, and a question on the highest number of alcoholic units consumed on one occasion during the previous month (MAX) were asked. The sensitivity, specificity, Cohen's kappa, and diagnostic odds ratio of QF, CAGE, MAX, and combinations of these three brief questionnaires were calculated using a 7-item questionnaire on alcohol-related problems as reference. Both in women and men, the prevalence of most alcohol-related problems and of a high QF, CAGE, and MAX was low. QF, CAGE, and MAX, as well as all possible combinations of the three questionnaires, were poor in detecting last-year alcohol-related problems. The CAGE appeared to perform worse than the even shorter and easier-to-interpret QF and MAX. In this healthy population of 36-year-old men and women, using the QF, MAX, and especially the CAGE questionnaire as screening instruments for alcohol-related problems resulted in many false positive and false negative classifications
Keyword Problematic alcohol use
CAGE
MAX
QF
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 6 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 06 Apr 2009, 18:52:32 EST by Alexandra Cooney on behalf of Library Corporate Services