Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints

Abernethy, B., Zawi, K. and Jackson, R.C. (2008) Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints. Perception, 37 6: 931-948. doi:10.1068/p5340

Author Abernethy, B.
Zawi, K.
Jackson, R.C.
Title Expertise and attunement to kinematic constraints
Journal name Perception   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0301-0066
Publication date 2008-01-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1068/p5340
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 37
Issue 6
Start page 931
End page 948
Total pages 18
Editor Gregory, R.L.
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications
Language eng
Abstract Three experiments were undertaken to ascertain the extent to which expertise in natural anticipatory tasks is characterised by superior attunement to the biomechanical (kinematic) constraints of the movement pattern being observed. Twelve world-class and twelve non-expert badminton players were required to predict the depth of an opponent's stroke from either video displays or point-light displays of the opposing player's hitting action. The information available within the displays was manipulated through temporal and/or spatial occlusion. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from the constraint-attunement hypothesis (Vicente and Wang, 1998 Psychological Review 105 33-57), experts showed: (i) an unchanged pattern of information pick-up when the display was reduced from video to point-light and only kinematic information was available; (ii) superior information pick-up from kinematic features that non-experts Could use; and (iii) attunement to early kinematic information from the lower body to which non-experts were not sensitive. Consistent with predictions that can be derived from a common-coding perspective (Prinz, 1997 European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 9 129- 154), the anticipation of stroke depth was facilitated more for experts than non-experts when the perceptual display provided linked segment information reminiscent of the cross-segmental torque transfers that occur during expert movement production.
Keyword Ophthalmology
Psychology, Experimental
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 60 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 06 Apr 2009, 04:20:36 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences