Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men: A prospective study

Nooyens, Astrid C. J., Visscher, Tommy L. S., Schuit, A. Jantine, van Rossum, Caroline T. M., Verschuren, W. M. Monique, van Mechelen, Willem and Seidell, Jacob C. (2005) Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men: A prospective study. Public Health Nutrition, 8 8: 1266-1274. doi:10.1079/PHN2005756


Author Nooyens, Astrid C. J.
Visscher, Tommy L. S.
Schuit, A. Jantine
van Rossum, Caroline T. M.
Verschuren, W. M. Monique
van Mechelen, Willem
Seidell, Jacob C.
Title Effects of retirement on lifestyle in relation to changes in weight and waist circumference in Dutch men: A prospective study
Journal name Public Health Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1475-2727
1368-9800
Publication date 2005-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1079/PHN2005756
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 8
Issue 8
Start page 1266
End page 1274
Total pages 9
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Language eng
Subject 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Formatted abstract
Objective To study changes in lifestyle in relation to changes in body weight and waist circumference associated with occupational retirement in men.

Design A prospective cohort study with 5 years of follow-up. At baseline and at follow-up, questionnaires were completed and body weight and waist circumference were measured.

Setting The Doetinchem Cohort Study, consisting of inhabitants of Doetinchem, a town in a rural area of The Netherlands.

Subjects In total 288 healthy men aged 50–65 years at baseline, who either remained employed or retired over follow-up.

Results The effect of retirement on changes in weight and waist circumference was dependent on type of former occupation. Increase in body weight and waist circumference was higher among men who retired from active jobs (0.42 kg year−1 and 0.77 cm year−1, respectively) than among men who retired from sedentary jobs (0.08 kg year−1 and 0.23 cm year−1, respectively). Weight gain and increase in waist circumference were associated with a decrease in fruit consumption and fibre density of the diet, with an increase in frequency of eating breakfast, and with a decrease in several physical activities, such as household activities, bicycling, walking and doing odd jobs.

Conclusion Retirement was associated with an increase in weight and waist circumference among those with former active jobs, but not among those with former sedentary jobs. Retirement may bring opportunities for healthy changes in diet and physical activity, which could be used in health promotion programmes.
Keyword Retirement
Middle age
Men
Body weight
Waist circumference
Diet
Physical activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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