Cooling and feeding strategies to reduce heat load of grain-fed beef cattle in intensive housing

J B Gaughan, T L Mader and S M Holt (2008) Cooling and feeding strategies to reduce heat load of grain-fed beef cattle in intensive housing. Livestock Science, 113 2-3: 226-233. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2007.03.014

Author J B Gaughan
T L Mader
S M Holt
Title Cooling and feeding strategies to reduce heat load of grain-fed beef cattle in intensive housing
Journal name Livestock Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1871-1413
Publication date 2008-01-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.livsci.2007.03.014
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 113
Issue 2-3
Start page 226
End page 233
Total pages 9
Editor J E Hermansen
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier B V
Language eng
Subject C1
070203 Animal Management
839901 Animal Welfare
Abstract Six Murray Grey x Hereford yearling steers were used to determine the effect of two cooling treatments (ENV) (day cooled (0600-1400) or night cooled (1400-2200), and two dietary treatments (DIET) - control (CON) no added fat or added fat (FAT) - on rectal temperature, respiration rate and dry matter intake (DMI). Cattle were exposed to 2 d of thermoneutral conditions followed by four hot days in a controlled climate facility. This was replicated 6 times. Steers were given a 10 d rest in outside pens between each replication. Sprinklers (2.84 L min(-1); 5 min on, 20 min off) and fans (continuous; 2 m s(-1)) were used when ambient temperature (T(A)) >= 28 degrees C. Rectal temperature (5 min intervals) and respiration rate (hourly) were measured for 12 x 24 It periods on hot days (2 per replication). Individual DMI over two time periods (PER) (period 1; 0600-1500, and period 2; 1500-0600) and daily metabolisable energy (ME) intakes were also recorded. Steers fed FAT had greater (P<0.05) DMI then the CON steers during day cooling. However, there were no DIET or PER differences for DMI during night cooling. DMI of FAT and CON fed steers during night cooling was similar to the DMI of the FAT fed steers during day cooling. Overall DMI was greater during night cooling (DMI from both diets pooled). There were PER differences for DMI, with more (P<0.05) feed consumed during period 2 irrespective of ENV or DIET. ME intake was 22.9% greater (P<0.05) for the FAT fed steers during day cooling then for the CON fed steers. There were no DIET effects on ME intake during night cooling. DIET had no effect (P>0.05) on respiration rate however differences were seen for rectal temperature. Mean rectal temperature for the FAT steers was lower (P<0.05) than the mean of the CON steers, however there were no within ENV differences. Day cooled cattle had a higher (P<0.05) respiration rates (71.8 breaths/min; bpm) than the night cooled steers (65.3 bpm). There were no differences for rectal temperature. However, day cooled steers had lower (P < 0.05) rectal temperature and respiration rate than the night cooled steers during the day - which corresponded with the day cooling period. Night cooling appears to be beneficial in lowering mean rectal temperature and respiration rate, and in maintaining DMI. There is no suggestion that feeding fat will replace the need for supplementary measures to alleviate heat exposure of confined cattle. However feeding fat may be worthwhile in maintenance DMI when combined with strategies involving day cooling. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keyword Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 11 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 03 Apr 2009, 00:31:59 EST by Mrs Kathy Bachmann on behalf of School of Animal Studies