An economic evaluation of a proprioceptive balance board training programme for the prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball

Verhagen, E. A. L. M., van Tulder, M., van der Beek, A. J., Bouter, L. M. and van Mechelen, W. (2005) An economic evaluation of a proprioceptive balance board training programme for the prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39 2: 111-115. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2003.011031


Author Verhagen, E. A. L. M.
van Tulder, M.
van der Beek, A. J.
Bouter, L. M.
van Mechelen, W.
Title An economic evaluation of a proprioceptive balance board training programme for the prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball
Journal name British Journal of Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-3674
1473-0480
Publication date 2005-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1136/bjsm.2003.011031
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 39
Issue 2
Start page 111
End page 115
Total pages 5
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Language eng
Subject 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Formatted abstract
Objectives: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of a proprioceptive balance board training programme for the prevention of ankle sprains in volleyball.

Methods
: A total of 116 volleyball teams participated in this study which was carried out during the 2001–2002 volleyball season. Teams were randomly allotted to an intervention group (66 teams, 628 players) or a control group (52 teams, 494 players). Intervention teams followed a prescribed balance board training programme as part of their warm up. Control teams followed their normal training routine. An ankle sprain was recorded if it occurred as a result of volleyball and caused the subject to stop volleyball activity. The injured player completed a cost diary for the duration of the ankle sprain. Analyses were performed according to the intention to treat principle. Mean direct, indirect, and total costs were calculated and were compared between the two groups.

Results
: The total costs per player (including the intervention material) were significantly higher in the intervention group ({euro}36.99 (93.87)) than in the control group ({euro}18.94 (147.09)). The cost of preventing one ankle sprain was approximately {euro}444.03. Sensitivity analysis showed that a proprioceptive balance board training programme aimed only at players with previous ankle sprains could be cost effective over a longer period of time.

Conclusions: Positive effects of the balance board programme could only be achieved at certain costs. However, if broadly implemented, costs associated with the balance board programme would probably be lower.

Abbreviations: NNT, number needed to treat; RD, risk difference
Keyword ankle
sprain
balance board
cost effectiveness
prevention
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

 
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Created: Thu, 02 Apr 2009, 23:18:07 EST by Maryanne Watson on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences