TRPC-like conductance mediates restoration of intracellular Ca2+ in cochlear outer hair cells in the guinea pig and rat

Raybould, Nicholas P., Jagger, Daniel J., Kanjhan, Refik, Greenwood, Denise, Laslo, Peter, Hoya, Noriyuki, Soeller, Christian, Cannell, Mark B. and Housley, Gary D. (2007) TRPC-like conductance mediates restoration of intracellular Ca2+ in cochlear outer hair cells in the guinea pig and rat. Journal of Physiology, 579 1: 101-113. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2006.122929


Author Raybould, Nicholas P.
Jagger, Daniel J.
Kanjhan, Refik
Greenwood, Denise
Laslo, Peter
Hoya, Noriyuki
Soeller, Christian
Cannell, Mark B.
Housley, Gary D.
Title TRPC-like conductance mediates restoration of intracellular Ca2+ in cochlear outer hair cells in the guinea pig and rat
Formatted title
TRPC-like conductance mediates restoration of intracellular Ca2+ in cochlear outer hair cells in the guinea pig and rat
Journal name Journal of Physiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3751
1469-7793
Publication date 2007-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1113/jphysiol.2006.122929
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 579
Issue 1
Start page 101
End page 113
Total pages 13
Place of publication Oxford
Publisher Blackwell for the Physiological Society
Language eng
Subject 110906 Sensory Systems
Formatted abstract
Ca2+ signalling is central to cochlear sensory hair cell physiology through its influence on sound transduction, membrane filter properties and neurotransmission. However, the mechanism for establishing Ca2+ homeostasis in these cells remains unresolved. Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) Ca2+ entry channels provide an important pathway for maintaining intracellular Ca2+ levels. TRPC3 subunit expression was detected in guinea pig and rat organ of Corti by RT-PCR, and localized to the sensory and neural poles of the inner and outer hair cells (OHCs) by confocal immunofluorescence imaging. A cation entry current with a TRPC-like phenotype was identified in guinea pig and rat OHCs by whole-cell voltage clamp. This slowly activating current was induced by the lowering of cytosolic Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) following a period in nominally Ca2+-free solution. Activation was dependent upon the [Ca2+]o and was sustained until [Ca2+]i was restored. Ca2+ entry was confirmed by confocal fluorescence imaging, and rapidly recruited secondary charybdotoxin- and apamin-sensitive KCa currents. Dual activation by the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)–phospholipase C–diacylglycerol (DAG) second messenger pathway was confirmed using the analogue 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG). Ion substitution experiments showed that the putative TRPC Ca2+ entry current was selective for Na+ > K+ with a ratio of 1: 0.6. The Ca2+ entry current was inhibited by the TRPC channel blocker 2-aminoethyl diphenylborate (2APB) and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erbstatin analogue. We conclude that TRPC Ca2+ entry channels, most likely incorporating TRPC3 subunits, support cochlear hair cell Ca2+ homeostasis and GPCR signalling

Keyword Physiology
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Queensland Brain Institute Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 02 Apr 2009, 19:46:55 EST by Ms Karen Naughton on behalf of Queensland Brain Institute