Increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes in children aged 0-14 years in Harbin, China (1990-2000)

Zhang, H, Xia, W, Yu, Q, Wang, B, Chen, S, Wang, Zhiqiang and Love, E J (2008) Increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes in children aged 0-14 years in Harbin, China (1990-2000). Primary Care Diabetes, 2 3: 121-126. doi:10.1016/j.pcd.2008.06.001


Author Zhang, H
Xia, W
Yu, Q
Wang, B
Chen, S
Wang, Zhiqiang
Love, E J
Title Increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes in children aged 0-14 years in Harbin, China (1990-2000)
Journal name Primary Care Diabetes   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1751-9918
Publication date 2008-07-16
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.pcd.2008.06.001
Open Access Status
Volume 2
Issue 3
Start page 121
End page 126
Total pages 6
Editor Williams, R
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Elseiver BV
Language eng
Subject C1
920104 Diabetes
111706 Epidemiology
Abstract Aims: (1) To determine the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus in children aged < 15 years in Harbin, China and (2) to examine the trend in incidence over the period from 1990 to 2000. Methods: Newly diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes from 1990 to 2000 were identified among 1,286,154 Chinese children aged 0-14 years in Harbin. The primary source of case ascertainment was from hospital records and the secondary source from the health records of school clinics. Results: One hundred and three cases were identified during 1990 and 2000. The annual incidence rate was 0.73 per 100,000 (95% CI: 0.59-0.88 per 100,000). No significant difference between males and females in the incidence of type 1 diabetes was observed. The incidence was significantly associated with age. With those aged < 5 years as reference, the rate ratios were 2.06 and 4.1 for those aged 5-9 and 10-14 years, respectively. The incidence was higher in urban than in suburban regions, particularly among those aged 10-14 years. No significant seasonality was observed. There was a significant increasing trend in the incidence of type 1 diabetes during the period of 1990 and 2000, with an annual increase of 7.4% (95% CI: 1.6-13.5%). Conclusions: There is a significantly increasing trend in the incidence of type 1 diabetes among children in Harbin. Increased number of cases has important implications for diabetes care providers. Understanding the etiology of this rise is critical for developing preventive measures to halt the trend.
Keyword type 1 diabetes
Child
incidence
Chinese
characteristics
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 02 Apr 2009, 01:16:18 EST by Amy Wong on behalf of Medicine - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital