Successfully improving physical activity behavior after rehabilitation

van der Ploeg, Hidde P., Streppel, Kitty R. M., van der Beek, Allard J., van der Woude, Luc H. V., Vollenbroek-Hutten, Miriam M. R., van Harten, Wim H. and van Mechelen, Willem (2007) Successfully improving physical activity behavior after rehabilitation. American Journal of Health Promotion, 21 3: 153-157. doi:10.4278/0890-1171-21.3.153

Author van der Ploeg, Hidde P.
Streppel, Kitty R. M.
van der Beek, Allard J.
van der Woude, Luc H. V.
Vollenbroek-Hutten, Miriam M. R.
van Harten, Wim H.
van Mechelen, Willem
Title Successfully improving physical activity behavior after rehabilitation
Journal name American Journal of Health Promotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0890-1171
Publication date 2007-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4278/0890-1171-21.3.153
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 21
Issue 3
Start page 153
End page 157
Total pages 5
Place of publication North Hollywood, CA, United States
Publisher American Journal of Health Promotion
Language eng
Subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
To determine the effects of the physical activity promotion programs Rehabilitation & Sports (R&S) and Active after Rehabilitation (AaR) on sport and daily physical activity 1 year after in- or outpatient rehabilitation.

Subjects in intervention rehabilitation centers were randomized into a group receiving R&S only (n = 315) and a group receiving R&S and AaR (n = 284). Subjects in six control centers (n = 603) received usual care.

Ten Dutch rehabilitation centers.

Subjects consisted of 1202 rehabilitation patients. Most frequent diagnoses were stroke, neurological disorders, and back disorders.

Both the sport stimulation program (R&S) and the daily physical activity promotion program (AaR) consisted of personalized tailored counseling.

Two sport outcomes and two daily physical activity outcomes were assessed with questionnaires at baseline and 1 year after rehabilitation.

Multilevel analyses comparing both intervention groups to the control group.

The R&S program showed no significant effects. Intention-to-treat analyses in the R&S + AaR group showed borderline significant improvements in one sport (odds ratio [OR] = 1.66, p = .02) and both physical activity outcomes (OR = 1.68, p = .01 and regression coefficient = 10.78, p = .05). On-treatment analyses in the R&S + AaR group showed similar but stronger effects.

The combination of the R&S and AaR programs improved physical activity behavior and sport participation 1 year after in- or outpatient rehabilitation. The R&S program alone did not have any effects.
Keyword Leisure activities
Manuscript format: research
Outcome measure: behavioral
People with disabilities
Physical exercise
Research purpose: intervention testing/program evaluation
Setting: clinical/health care
Study design: quasi-experimental
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Thu, 02 Apr 2009, 00:53:56 EST by Laura McTaggart on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences