Comparison of a malnutrition screening tool with subjective global assessment in hospitalised patients with cancer - sensitivity and specificity

Bauer, Judith and Capra, Sandra (2003) Comparison of a malnutrition screening tool with subjective global assessment in hospitalised patients with cancer - sensitivity and specificity. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 12 3: 257-260.


Author Bauer, Judith
Capra, Sandra
Title Comparison of a malnutrition screening tool with subjective global assessment in hospitalised patients with cancer - sensitivity and specificity
Journal name Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0964-7058
1440-6047
Publication date 2003-01-01
Year available 2003
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Start page 257
End page 260
Total pages 4
Place of publication Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Publisher Blackwell Science Asia
Language eng
Subject 111102 Dietetics and Nutrigenomics
11 Medical and Health Sciences
1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
Abstract Malnutrition is common in hospitals and it is important to implement an appropriate nutrition screening tool to identify patients at risk. The aim of the study was to assess the sensitivity and speciflcity of the malnutrition screening tool developed by the Malnutrition Advisory Group of the British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition against subjective global assessment in hospitalised patients with cancer. A cross-sectional study assessing the risk of malnutrition and nutritional status of sixty-five hospitalised patients with cancer, aged 56 ± 15 years. According to subjective global assessment, 25 % of patients were well nourished and 75% were malnourished (63% were· moderately or suspected of being malnourished and 12% severely malnourished). The malnutrition screening tool had a low sensitivity of 59% and a specificity of 75%. The positive predictive value was 88% and the negative predictive value 38%. There were significant linear trends between subjective global assessment classification and percentage weight loss in the previous six months (P < 0.001) and body mass index (P = 0.007). The malnutrition screening tool developed by the Malnutrition Advisory Group of the British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition is not a suitable screening tool for detecting risk of malnutrition in hospitalised patients with cancer
Keyword Nutrition screening
Subjective global assessment
Nutrition assessment
Oncology
Cancer
Nutrition
Dietetics
Hospital patients
Malnutrition
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

 
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Created: Wed, 01 Apr 2009, 01:00:07 EST by Alexandra Cooney on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences