On the anatomy of the adsorption heat versus loading as a function of temperature and adsorbate for a graphitic surface

Do, D.D., Nicholson, D. and Do, H.D. (2008) On the anatomy of the adsorption heat versus loading as a function of temperature and adsorbate for a graphitic surface. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 325 1: 7-22. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2008.05.027


Author Do, D.D.
Nicholson, D.
Do, H.D.
Title On the anatomy of the adsorption heat versus loading as a function of temperature and adsorbate for a graphitic surface
Journal name Journal of Colloid and Interface Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9797
Publication date 2008-01-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2008.05.027
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 325
Issue 1
Start page 7
End page 22
Total pages 16
Editor Schatz, G.C.
Place of publication United States of America
Publisher American Chemical Society
Language eng
Subject C1
960699 Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation not elsewhere classified
0904 Chemical Engineering
Abstract In this paper we review and classify the various patterns of isosteric heat versus loading for adsorption of gases on graphitised thermal carbon black at temperatures ranging from below the 3D triple point to temperatures above it, but less than the 3D critical point. We have identified the features of heat curve and highlighted the microscopic origin of these features. The patterns vary with temperature and with the relative strength of the fluid-fluid interaction and solid-fluid interaction. For simple adsorptives (by simple we meant there is no strong association between fluid particles), the heat curve is typified by fluid-fluid attraction and layering phenomena. For adsorptives showing strong association such as water, ammonia and methanol, the heat curve essentially begins below the condensation heat and then approaches it as loading is increased. This is mainly due to the strong hydrogen bonding in these fluids. A third group includes adsorprives such as benzene, where the heat curve is constant in the sub-monolayer coverage region (but is higher than the condensation heat) and then drops off to the condensation heat when higher layers are formed. The constant heat in the sub-monolayer region is due to the balance between the energy factor (from fluid-fluid interaction) and entropy factor (due to re-orientation of adsorbed molecules). Our proposed classification is supported by detailed GCMC simulations of various gases that have been reported in the literature, and we supplement these with new results for the adsorption of xenon on graphite to investigate in more detail the change in heat pattern with temperature. Xenon is chosen because of its high fluid-fluid interaction, allowing us to study the 2D-phase transition in the first as well as higher layers. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keyword Chemistry, Physical
Chemistry
CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
 
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Created: Tue, 31 Mar 2009, 22:14:40 EST by Katherine Montagu on behalf of School of Chemical Engineering