Effect of branched-chain fatty acid on lipid dynamics in mice lacking fatty acid binding protein gene

Atshaves, Barbara P., McIntosh, Avery L., Payne, H. Ross, Mackie, John, Kier, Ann B. and Schroeder, Friedhelm (2005) Effect of branched-chain fatty acid on lipid dynamics in mice lacking fatty acid binding protein gene. American Journal of Physiology, 288 3: C543-C558. doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00359.2004


Author Atshaves, Barbara P.
McIntosh, Avery L.
Payne, H. Ross
Mackie, John
Kier, Ann B.
Schroeder, Friedhelm
Title Effect of branched-chain fatty acid on lipid dynamics in mice lacking fatty acid binding protein gene
Journal name American Journal of Physiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0002-9513
0363-6143
1522-1563
Publication date 2005-03-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1152/ajpcell.00359.2004
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 288
Issue 3
Start page C543
End page C558
Total pages 16
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Physiological Society
Language eng
Subject 070709 Veterinary Pathology
Abstract Although a role for liver fatty acid protein (L-FABP) in the metabolism of branched-chain fatty acids has been suggested based on data obtained with cultured cells, the physiological significance of this observation remains to be demonstrated. To address this issue, the lipid phenotype and metabolism of phytanic acid, a branched-chain fatty acid, were determined in L-FABP gene-ablated mice fed a diet with and without 1% phytol (a metabolic precursor to phytanic acid). In response to dietary phytol, L-FABP gene ablation exhibited a gender-dependent lipid phenotype. Livers of phytol-fed female L-FABP–/– mice had significantly more fatty lipid droplets than male L-FABP–/– mice, whereas in phytol-fed wild-type L-FABP+/+ mice differences between males and females were not significant. Thus L-FABP gene ablation exacerbated the accumulation of lipid droplets in phytol-fed female, but not male, mice. These results were reflected in the lipid profile, where hepatic levels of triacylglycerides in phytol-fed female L-FABP–/– mice were significantly higher than in male L-FABP–/– mice. Furthermore, livers of phytol-fed female L-FABP–/– mice exhibited more necrosis than their male counterparts, consistent with the accumulation of higher levels of phytol metabolites (phytanic acid, pristanic acid) in liver and serum, in addition to increased hepatic levels of sterol carrier protein (SCP)-x, the only known peroxisomal enzyme specifically required for branched-chain fatty acid oxidation. In summary, L-FABP gene ablation exerted a significant role, especially in female mice, in branched-chain fatty acid metabolism. These effects were only partially compensated by concomitant upregulation of SCP-x in response to L-FABP gene ablation and dietary phytol.
Keyword Physiology
Gene targeting
Phytanic acid
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 31 Mar 2009, 19:54:56 EST by Ms Karen Naughton on behalf of School of Veterinary Science