Child labour and school attendance: Evidence from Bangladesh

Khanam, Rasheda (2008) Child labour and school attendance: Evidence from Bangladesh. International Journal of Social Economics, 35 1-2: 77-98. doi:10.1108/03068290810843855


Author Khanam, Rasheda
Title Child labour and school attendance: Evidence from Bangladesh
Journal name International Journal of Social Economics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-8293
1758-6712
Publication date 2008-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1108/03068290810843855
Open Access Status
Volume 35
Issue 1-2
Start page 77
End page 98
Total pages 22
Place of publication Bradford, United Kingdom
Publisher Emerald Group Publishing
Language eng
Subject 140202 Economic Development and Growth
140204 Economics of Education
140301 Cross-Sectional Analysis
Formatted abstract
Purpose – The objective of this paper is to understand better the determinants of child labour and schooling in Bangladesh.

Design/methodology/approach – This paper uses data from a survey based in rural Bangladesh and considers the children aged 5-17 years living in rural households in which the mother and father are both present. The sample size is 1,628 children. A multinomial logit model is used to estimate the determinants of schooling and working, combining schooling and work, or doing nothing for 5-17 years old children.

Findings – The results show that the education of parents significantly increases the probability that a school-age child will specialise in study. The presence of very young children (aged 0-4) in the household increases the likelihood that a school-age child will combine study with work. The significant and positive gender coefficient suggests that girls are more likely than boys to combine schooling with work. The children who are sons and daughters of the household-head, as opposed to being relatives living in the household are more likely to combine study and work but less likely to specialise in work.

Originality/value – The existing anti-child labour policies mainly focus on the lowering of the demand for child labour in Bangladesh. The focus of this paper is, however, on the supply side of child labour, particularly on the use of child labour in the agricultural sector and the household sector where children are mainly employed by their parents. Unlike most of the existing studies on child labour, this paper considers housework and non-market works in the definition of child labour.
Keyword Attendance
Bangladesh
Child welfare
Children (age groups)
Labour
Schools
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: ERA 2012 Admin Only
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Created: Mon, 30 Mar 2009, 19:40:37 EST by Thelma Whitbourne on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences