Population-Attributable Risk Estimates for Risk Factors Associated with Campylobacter Infection, Australia

Stafford, Russell J., Schluter, Philip J., Wilson Andrew J., Kir, Martyn D., Hall, Gillian, Unicomb, Leanne and OxFoodNet Working Group (2008) Population-Attributable Risk Estimates for Risk Factors Associated with Campylobacter Infection, Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14 6: 895-901. doi:10.3201/eid1406.071008

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Author Stafford, Russell J.
Schluter, Philip J.
Wilson Andrew J.
Kir, Martyn D.
Hall, Gillian
Unicomb, Leanne
OxFoodNet Working Group
Title Population-Attributable Risk Estimates for Risk Factors Associated with Campylobacter Infection, Australia
Journal name Emerging Infectious Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1080-6040
Publication date 2008-06-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3201/eid1406.071008
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 14
Issue 6
Start page 895
End page 901
Total pages 7
Editor Kenneth S. Korach
D. Peter Drotman
Place of publication United States
Publisher US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Language eng
Subject C1
920109 Infectious Diseases
111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Abstract In 2001-2002, a multicenter, prospective case-control study involving 1,714 participants ≥5 years of age was conducted in Australia to identify risk factors for Campylobacter infection. Adjusted population-attributable risks (PARs) were derived for each independent risk factor contained within the final multivariable logistic regression model. Estimated PARs were combined with adjusted (for the ≥5 years of age eligibility criterion) notifiable disease surveillance data to estimate annual Australian Campylobacter case numbers attributable to each risk factor. Simulated distributions of "credible values" were then generated to model the uncertainty associated with each case number estimate. Among foodborne risk factors, an estimated 50,500 (95% credible interval 10,000-105,500) cases of Campylobacter infection in persons ≥5 years of age could be directly attributed each year to consumption of chicken in Australia. Our statistical technique could be applied more widely to other communicable diseases that are subject to routine surveillance.
Formatted abstract
In 2001–2002, a multicenter, prospective case-control study involving 1,714 participants >5 years of age was conducted in Australia to identify risk factors for Campylobacter infection. Adjusted population-attributable risks (PARs) were derived for each independent risk factor contained within the final multivariable logistic regression model. Estimated PARs were combined with adjusted (for the >5 years of age eligibility criterion) notifiable disease surveillance data to estimate annual Australian Campylobacter case numbers attributable to each risk factor. Simulated distributions of "credible values" were then generated to model the uncertainty associated with each case number estimate. Among foodborne risk factors, an estimated 50,500 (95% credible interval 10,000–105,500) cases of Campylobacter infection in persons >5 years of age could be directly attributed each year to consumption of chicken in Australia. Our statistical technique could be applied more widely to other communicable diseases that are subject to routine surveillance.
Keyword Campylobacter
gastroenteritis
pathogens
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Mon, 30 Mar 2009, 01:53:01 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences