Phonological acquisition in Malta: A bilingual language learning context

Dodd, Barbara J. and Grech, Helen (2008) Phonological acquisition in Malta: A bilingual language learning context. International Journal of Bilingualism, 12 3: 155-171. doi:10.1177/1367006908098564

Author Dodd, Barbara J.
Grech, Helen
Title Phonological acquisition in Malta: A bilingual language learning context
Journal name International Journal of Bilingualism   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1756-6878
Publication date 2008-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1367006908098564
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Start page 155
End page 171
Total pages 16
Place of publication London, U.K.
Publisher Sage Publications
Language eng
Subject C1
920107 Hearing, Vision, Speech and Their Disorders
200303 English as a Second Language
Abstract A total of 241 Maltese children aged 2;0–6;0 years, drawn randomly from the public registry of births, were assessed on a picture naming task to evaluate phone articulation, phonology and consistency of word production. Children were allowed to use the language they chose (either Maltese or English). Ninety-three children (38.6%) were reported by parents to speak both Maltese and English at home, 137 (56.9%) were reported to speak Maltese and 11 (4.7%) only English at home. The data gained were analyzed for percent consonants and vowels correct, adult phonemes absent, developmental speech error patterns, number of English and Maltese words used, and the percentage of children using translation equivalents. The children who were reported to be only exposed to English at home were not compared statistically with other children because of the small number in that group. The data showed an increase in phonological competence over the age range and differences between children reported to be exposed to one as opposed to two languages at home. Many children, irrespective of reported home language context, used both English and Maltese during assessment. The results were interpreted as showing independent phonological systems that nevertheless interacted; a bilingual language learning context affected word naming language choice.
Keyword Phonological acquisition
Bilingual maltese
Bilingual language
Learning context
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

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Created: Sun, 29 Mar 2009, 22:50:57 EST by Amanda Barnett on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research