The effects of the market withdrawal of temazepam gel capsules on benzodiazepine injecting in Sydney, Australia

Degenhardt, L, Roxburgh, A, van Beek, I, Wayne Hall, Robinson, M, Ross, J and Mant, A (2008) The effects of the market withdrawal of temazepam gel capsules on benzodiazepine injecting in Sydney, Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 27 2: 145-151. doi:10.1080/09595230701829413


Author Degenhardt, L
Roxburgh, A
van Beek, I
Wayne Hall
Robinson, M
Ross, J
Mant, A
Title The effects of the market withdrawal of temazepam gel capsules on benzodiazepine injecting in Sydney, Australia
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0959-5236
1465-3362
Publication date 2008-03-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/09595230701829413
Open Access Status
Volume 27
Issue 2
Start page 145
End page 151
Total pages 7
Editor John Saunders
Place of publication The United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley- Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Language eng
Subject C1
920414 Substance Abuse
111711 Health Information Systems (incl. Surveillance)
Abstract Introduction and Aims. This study assessed the impact on benzodiazepine injection among IDU in Sydney of removing temazepam gel capsule preparations from the Australian market. Design and Methods. Several data sources were used: (1) data from the NSW Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) (an annual, cross-sectional survey of regular IDU in Sydney) for the period 1996-2005; (2) data from inner Sydney outreach services and the Sydney Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC) on last drug injected; and (3) national benzodiazepine prescription data, by formulation, from the Drug Utilisation Sub-Committee for the period 2001-06. Results. Removal of temazepam gel capsule formulations from the Australian market in 2004 resulted in increased prescribing of tablet formulations but overall benzodiazepine prescription numbers remained stable. Injection of benzodiazepines ceased as a mode of administration of benzodiazepines among IDU in inner Sydney, but very frequent oral use of benzodiazepines remained highly prevalent. Discussion and conclusions. Removal of an easily injectable form of benzodiazepines appeared to halt injection of benzodiazepines among disadvantaged IDU. However, IDU continue to use the drug heavily and interventions to assist IDU with reducing dependent benzodiazepine use are warranted. There is a need for continued vigilance to emergent injecting drug use risks to implement timely harm reduction strategies.
Keyword Substance Abuse
Substance Abuse
SUBSTANCE ABUSE, SSCI
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences -- Publications
2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Wed, 25 Mar 2009, 19:53:58 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health