Echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, northwest China

Yang, Yu R., Craig, P. S, Sun, T., Vuitton, D. A., Giraudoux, P., Jones, Malcolm K., Williams, Gail M. and McManus, D. P. (2008) Echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, northwest China. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102 4: 319-328. doi:10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.01.007


Author Yang, Yu R.
Craig, P. S
Sun, T.
Vuitton, D. A.
Giraudoux, P.
Jones, Malcolm K.
Williams, Gail M.
McManus, D. P.
Title Echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, northwest China
Journal name Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0035-9203
Publication date 2008-04-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.01.007
Open Access Status
Volume 102
Issue 4
Start page 319
End page 328
Total pages 10
Editor Bo Drasar
Frank Cox
Harold Townson
Place of publication The United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier Ltd
Language eng
Subject C1
920109 Infectious Diseases
111706 Epidemiology
Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by Echinococcus granulosus, and alveolar echinococcosis (AE), due to E. multilocularis, are endemic to large areas of north and northwest China. Here we review features of a severe focus of AE and CE in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), northwest China. We describe for NHAR the results of surveys of hospital surgical and clinical records, including treatment of AE and CE, and active community detection of asymptomatic/early-stage cases and patient follow-up using questionnaire analysis, ultrasound examinations and serology. We compare the key risk factors for both AE and CE in this setting with those reported from other areas. In addition, we document the socio-economic factors impacting on treatment and control of AE and CE. This update indicates that echinococcosis continues to be highly endemic in NHAR and exemplifies the serious public health problem that the disease presents, particularly in poor rural areas. Extensive community surveys of echinococcosis are required throughout northwest China, especially in rural communities. These will enable earlier detection of echinococcosis cases, thereby improving treatment outcomes, and reveal the true epidemiological picture regarding the disease in this region, with a view to developing and implementing new strategies for future control. (c) 2008 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword alveolar echinococcosis
cystic echinococcosis
Echinococcus granulosus
Echinococcus multilocularis
epidemiology
China
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 12 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 25 Mar 2009, 01:59:57 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health