Medical school selection criteria and the prediction of academic performance: Evidence leading to change in policy and practice at the University of Queensland

Wilkinson, D., Zhang, J., Byrne, G. J., Luke, H., Ozolins, I. Z., Parker, M. H. and Peterson, R. F. (2008) Medical school selection criteria and the prediction of academic performance: Evidence leading to change in policy and practice at the University of Queensland. Medical Journal of Australia, 188 6: 349-354.


Author Wilkinson, D.
Zhang, J.
Byrne, G. J.
Luke, H.
Ozolins, I. Z.
Parker, M. H.
Peterson, R. F.
Title Medical school selection criteria and the prediction of academic performance: Evidence leading to change in policy and practice at the University of Queensland
Journal name Medical Journal of Australia   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-729X
1326-5377
Publication date 2008-03-17
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 188
Issue 6
Start page 349
End page 354
Total pages 6
Editor M. Van Der Weyden
Place of publication Sydney, Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing
Language eng
Subject C1
130303 Education Assessment and Evaluation
930501 Education and Training Systems Policies and Development
Abstract Objective: To assess how well prior academic performance, admission tests, and interviews predict academic performance in a graduate medical school.
Formatted abstract
Objective:
To assess how well prior academic performance, admission tests, and interviews predict academic performance in a graduate medical school.

Design, setting and participants:

Analysis of academic performance of 706 students in three consecutive cohorts of the 4-year graduate-entry medical program at the University of Queensland.

Main outcome measures:

Proportion of academic performance during the medical program explained by selection criteria, and correlation between selection criteria and performance. Selection criteria were grade point average (GPA), GAMSAT (Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test) score, and interview score. Academic performance was defined as overall total in all examinations combined, in first and fourth year examinations, and in individual written, ethics and clinical components.

Results
:
Selection criteria explained 21.9% of variation in overall total score, falling from 28.2% in Year 1 to 17.7% in Year 4. This was highest for the written examination in Year 1 (30.5%) and lowest for the clinical examination in Year 4 (10.9%). GPA was most strongly correlated with academic performance (eg, for overall score, partial Spearman’s correlation coefficient [pSCC], 0.47; P < 0.001), followed by interviews (pSCC, 0.12; P = 0.004) and GAMSAT (pSCC, 0.07; P = 0.08). The association between GPA and performance waned from Year 1 to Year 4, while the association between interview score and performance increased from Year 1 to Year 4.

Conclusion
:
The school’s selection criteria only modestly predict academic performance. GPA is most strongly associated with performance, followed by interview score and GAMSAT score. The school has changed its selection process as a result.
©The Medical Journal of Australia 2008

Keyword Academic performance
Medical schools
Academic achievement
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 25 Mar 2009, 00:29:27 EST by Helen Spindler on behalf of School of Medicine