Market triumphalism and the CBNRM 'crises' at the South African section of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park

Dressler, Wolfram and Buscher, Bram (2008) Market triumphalism and the CBNRM 'crises' at the South African section of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. Geoforum, 39 1: 452-465. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2007.09.005


Author Dressler, Wolfram
Buscher, Bram
Title Market triumphalism and the CBNRM 'crises' at the South African section of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park
Journal name Geoforum   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0016-7185
Publication date 2008-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.geoforum.2007.09.005
Open Access Status
Volume 39
Issue 1
Start page 452
End page 465
Total pages 14
Editor Katie Willis
Michael Samers
Scott Prudham
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Subject C1
160101 Anthropology of Development
959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified
Abstract Transfrontier conservation has taken Southern Africa by storm, where the modus operandi remains simple and intuitive: by dissolving boundaries, local benefits grow as conservation and development spread regionally. However, in the case of South Africa’s section of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, political and economic change redirects benefits to support ‘modern’ economies at the expense of rural livelihoods through community-based natural resources management (CBNRM). Neo-liberal agendas promoted by government and the transfrontier park derail efforts at decentralizing CBNRM initiatives beyond markets and state control. This paper argues that ‘hybrid neoliberal’ CBNRM has arisen in private and public sector delivery of devolved conservation and poverty relief projects as ‘tertiary production’ for regional development. As a result, ‘CBNRM’ projects related to and independent of transfrontier conservation support private sector interests rather than the resource base of rural livelihoods. Concluding sections assert that CBNRM can counter this neoliberal trend by supporting the land-based economy of local users living near the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park.
Keyword Transfrontier conservation
Neoliberalism
Community-based natural resources management
Livelihoods
South Africa
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 24 Mar 2009, 01:07:01 EST by Margaret Gately on behalf of School of Social Science