Risk factors for Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm in urban farming communities in western Côte d'Ivoire

Matthys, Barbara, Tschannen, Andres B., Comoe, Hermann, Diabate, Salia, Traore, Mahamadou, Vounatsou, Penelope, Raso , Giovanna, Gosoniu, Laura, Tanner, Marcel, Cisse , Gueladio, N'Goran, Eliezer K. and Utzinger , Jurg (2007) Risk factors for Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm in urban farming communities in western Côte d'Ivoire. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 12 6: 709-723. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01841.x

Author Matthys, Barbara
Tschannen, Andres B.
Comoe, Hermann
Diabate, Salia
Traore, Mahamadou
Vounatsou, Penelope
Raso , Giovanna
Gosoniu, Laura
Tanner, Marcel
Cisse , Gueladio
N'Goran, Eliezer K.
Utzinger , Jurg
Title Risk factors for Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm in urban farming communities in western Côte d'Ivoire
Journal name Tropical Medicine & International Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1360-2276
Publication date 2007-06-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01841.x
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 12
Issue 6
Start page 709
End page 723
Total pages 15
Place of publication Oxford, England
Publisher Blackwell Science
Language eng
Subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Abstract Objectives To identify risk factors for Schistosoma mansoni and hookworm infections in urban farming communities, and to investigate small-scale spatial patterns of infection prevalence. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 113 farming households (586 individuals) and 21 non-farming households (130 individuals) from six agricultural zones in the town of Man, western Côte d'Ivoire. Heads of households were interviewed on common agricultural activities, land and water use, education attainment, socioeconomic status and sanitation facilities. Household members provided stool specimens that were processed by the Kato-Katz technique and a formol-ether concentration method and diagnosed for S. mansoni, hookworms and other soil-transmitted helminths and intestinal protozoa. Bayesian statistics were employed for spatial analyses. Results The prevalences of S. mansoni and hookworm in farming households were 51.4% and 24.7%, respectively. Risk factors for a S. mansoni infection comprised living in close proximity to the Kô River, water contact with irrigation wells and ponds and low education attainment. Living in zones of smallholder irrigated rice plots or large rice perimeters, using water from domestic wells, and low socioeconomic status were risk factors for a hookworm infection. We found significant spatial heterogeneity between agricultural zones, with the highest infection prevalences of S. mansoni and hookworm in the zone where there was a large rice perimeter. Conclusions In this urban setting, both S. mansoni and hookworm infections were related to specific agricultural activities. Health education and active participation of urban farmers for the control of schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis is recommended.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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