Sun protection practices of beachgoers using a reliable observational measure

Maddock, Jay, E., O'Riordan, David, L., Lunde, Kevin, B. and Steffen, Alana (2007) Sun protection practices of beachgoers using a reliable observational measure. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 34 1: 100-103. doi:10.1007/BF02879926

Author Maddock, Jay, E.
O'Riordan, David, L.
Lunde, Kevin, B.
Steffen, Alana
Title Sun protection practices of beachgoers using a reliable observational measure
Journal name Annals of Behavioral Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0883-6612
Publication date 2007-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/BF02879926
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 34
Issue 1
Start page 100
End page 103
Total pages 4
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
Background: Skin cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer in the United States and is rising rapidly; however, most skin cancers are preventable. Compared to self-report, direct observational methodologies could be a more valid and reliable tool for assessing sun protective behaviors within a specific environment.

Purpose: The aim of the study is to assess the sun protection practices of beachgoers using a reliable observational measure.

Methods: A systematic observation system for assessing sun protective behaviors among beachgoers was developed. Data were collected by 2 raters over 3 days using momentary ecological sampling methods. Individuals in a representative zone were assessed for head wear, upper body wear, sunglasses use, shade use, and gender.

Results: Over the 3 days, Observers A and B made 1,678 and 1,725 observations, respectively. Interrater reliability ranged from 0.77 to 0.99. Hats, sunglasses, shirts, and shade were all used by less than 30% of the population. Sun protection behaviors varied by time of day and cloud cover.

Conclusions: A reliable, observational measure designed to assess population behavior at the setting level showed low use of sun protection practices among beachgoers. Test-retest reliability, the inclusion of low body protection, coding for age, and skin tone are recommended for future versions of this system.
Keyword Observational study
Skin protection
Sun exposure
Skin cancer
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Public Health Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 11 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 23 Mar 2009, 21:15:53 EST by Ms Julie Schofield on behalf of School of Public Health