Histomorphometric characterisation of shared and non-shared cotyledonary villus territories of monochorionic placentae in relation to pregnancy complications

Wee, L. Y., Sebire, N. J., Bhundia, J., Sullivan, M. and Fisk, N. M. (2006) Histomorphometric characterisation of shared and non-shared cotyledonary villus territories of monochorionic placentae in relation to pregnancy complications. Placenta, 27 4-5: 475-482. doi:10.1016/j.placenta.2005.02.020


Author Wee, L. Y.
Sebire, N. J.
Bhundia, J.
Sullivan, M.
Fisk, N. M.
Title Histomorphometric characterisation of shared and non-shared cotyledonary villus territories of monochorionic placentae in relation to pregnancy complications
Journal name Placenta   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0143-4004
1532-3102
0265-7023
Publication date 2006-04-01
Year available 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.placenta.2005.02.020
Open Access Status
Volume 27
Issue 4-5
Start page 475
End page 482
Total pages 8
Place of publication London, U.K.
Publisher W.B. Saunders
Language eng
Subject 111401 Foetal Development and Medicine
111402 Obstetrics and Gynaecology
1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine
Abstract Objective: Theoretical estimates and physiological inferences suggest that the structure of a shared cotyledon differs front a non-shared cotyledon. The aim of this study was to characterise the histomorphometry of terminal villi in shared and non-shared cotyledons in monochorionic placentae, both from uncomplicated twins and from those with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) or discordant growth restriction (Delta IUGR).
Formatted abstract
Objective: Theoretical estimates and physiological inferences suggest that the structure of a shared cotyledon differs from a non-shared cotyledon. The aim of this study was to characterise the histomorphometry of terminal villi in shared and non-shared cotyledons in monochorionic placentae, both from uncomplicated twins and from those with twin–twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) or discordant growth restriction (ΔIUGR).
Methods: Forty-one monochorionic placentae from Caucasian non-smokers were obtained at caesarean section. Their vascular anatomy and placental territories were ascertained by dye injection. After fixation, full thickness histological blocks were obtained by systematic random sampling from each twin's territory and the shared cotyledons. Fifty randomly selected terminal villi were assessed for: (i) median villus diameter (ii) median villus capillary diameter (iii) median fetomaternal diffusion distance (iv) median no. of capillaries/villus (v) degree of vascularization (median percentage cross-sectional area of terminal villi occupied by capillaries) using a stage micrometer and image analysis programme. The histomorphometric findings were then correlated with birthweight discordance, placental territory discordance and ΔAVAs (no. of AVAs from smaller twin (donor) to larger twin (recipient) minus no. of AVAs from larger to smaller twin).
Results: Histomorphometric variables were similar in shared and non-shared cotyledons of uncomplicated MCDA twins. However, the median diameter of terminal villi in shared cotyledons in ΔIUGR and TTTS placentae was significantly smaller [51.2 μm (48.2–58.3), p < 0.001 and 52.6 μm (53.1–50.4), p < 0.001], and had a similar number of smaller capillaries, larger fetomaternal diffusion distance and reduced vascularization compared to non-shared IUGR and TTTS placentae. However, Δdiameter (defined as the difference between median diameters of terminal villi in large minus small twins' territories) rose with increasing birthweight discordance (Pearson correlation coefficient = 0.82, p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that Δdiameter was influenced by placental territory discordance (p < 0.001) and birthweight discordance (p < 0.01): log10 Δdiameter = 1.38 + (0.01 × birthweight discordance) + (0.56 × log10 placental territory discordance) (R2 = 0.82, p < 0.001), but there was no significant relationship with ΔAVA and AAA. In the TTTS group, Δdiameter correlated significantly with ΔAVA only: log10 Δdiameter = 1.44 + (0.02 × ΔAVA) (R2 = 0.3, p < 0.001).
Conclusions: This is the first study to characterise the histomorphometry of shared and non-shared cotyledons in MC twins. The findings suggest that abnormal placentation, rather than placental vascular anatomy may be responsible for ΔIUGR in MC twins, whereas TTTS arises from imbalance in interfetal transfusion with resultant differing terminal villus histomorphometric features in donor, recipient and shared cotyledons.
©2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Keyword Monochorionic placenta
Twin–twin transfusion syndrome
Shared cotyledon
Arterio-venous anastomoses
Histomorphometry
Twins
Placental vascular anastomoses
Arterio-arterial anastomoses
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Available online 14 July 2005 Issue: April/May 2006

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 23 Mar 2009, 19:42:21 EST by Maria Campbell on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences