Development of a Reliable and Valid Chinese Version of the Diabetes Empowerment Scale

Shiu, Ann T. Y., Wong, Rebecca Y. M. and Thompson, David R. (2003) Development of a Reliable and Valid Chinese Version of the Diabetes Empowerment Scale. Diabetes Care, 26 10: 2817-2821. doi:10.2337/diacare.26.10.2817

Author Shiu, Ann T. Y.
Wong, Rebecca Y. M.
Thompson, David R.
Title Development of a Reliable and Valid Chinese Version of the Diabetes Empowerment Scale
Journal name Diabetes Care   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0149-5992
Publication date 2003-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2337/diacare.26.10.2817
Open Access Status
Volume 26
Issue 10
Start page 2817
End page 2821
Total pages 5
Place of publication Alexandria, Va.
Publisher American Diabetes Association
Language eng
Subject 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Abstract OBJECTIVE—To translate the Diabetes Empowerment Scale (DES) into Chinese and establish its psychometric properties among Hong Kong Chinese people. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—A two-stage study design, incorporating qualitative and quantitative components, determined the cultural equivalency and content validity of the translated scale and established the psychometric properties of the Chinese DES (C-DES) in 207 patients. RESULTS—Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the 20-item Chinese DES (C-DES-20) and five subscales: overcoming barriers ({alpha} = 0.89), determining suitable methods ({alpha} = 0.79), achieving goals ({alpha} = 0.78), obtaining support ({alpha} = 0.78), and coping ({alpha} = 0.76). The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satifactory when a subsample of 20 patients was tested after a 2-week interval. There was criterion validity between the global scale and metabolic control (HbA1c) of respondents with type 2 diabetes (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS—The C-DES-20 is a reliable and valid outcome measure for patient education and psychosocial interventions among Hong Kong Chinese people with diabetes
Keyword C-DES, Chinese Diabetes Empowerment Scale
DES, Diabetes Empowerment Scale
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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