Exercise-based rehabilitation for coronary heart disease

Jolliffe, Judith, Rees, Karen, Taylor, Rod R. S., Thompson, David R., Oldridge, Neil and Ebrahim, Shah (2004) Exercise-based rehabilitation for coronary heart disease. The Cochrane Library, 1: . doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001800

Author Jolliffe, Judith
Rees, Karen
Taylor, Rod R. S.
Thompson, David R.
Oldridge, Neil
Ebrahim, Shah
Title Exercise-based rehabilitation for coronary heart disease
Journal name The Cochrane Library
Publication date 2004-01-01
DOI 10.1002/14651858.CD001800
Open Access Status
Issue 1
Publisher John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Language eng
Subject 110299 Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology not elsewhere classified
Abstract Background The burden of cardiovascular disease world-wide is one of great concern to patients and health care agencies alike. Cardiac rehabilitation aims to restore patients with heart disease to health through exercise only based rehabilitation or comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation. Objectives To determine the effectiveness of exercise only or exercise as part of a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation programme on the mortality, morbidity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and modifiable cardiac risk factors of patients with coronary heart disease. Search strategy Electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials, using standardised trial filters, from the earliest date available to December 31st 1998. Selection criteria Men and women of all ages, in hospital or community settings, who have had myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, or who have angina pectoris or coronary artery disease defined by angiography. Data collection and analysis Studies were selected independently by two reviewers, and data extracted independently. Authors were contacted where possible to obtain missing information. Main results This systematic review has allowed analysis of an increased number of patients from approximately 4500 in earlier meta-analyses to 8440 (7683 contributing to the total mortality outcome). The pooled effect estimate for total mortality for the exercise only intervention shows a 27% reduction in all cause mortality (random effects model OR 0.73 95% confidence interval 0.54 to 0.98). Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation reduced all cause mortality, but to a lesser degree (OR 0.87 95% confidence interval 0.71 to 1.05). Total cardiac mortality was reduced by 31% (random effects model OR 0.69 95% confidence interval 0.51 to 0.94) and 26% (random effects model OR 0.74 95% confidence interval 0.57 to 0.96) in the exercise only and comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation groups respectively. We found no evidence of an effect of the interventions on the occurrence of non-fatal myocardial infarction. There was a significant net reduction in total cholesterol (pooled WMD random effects model -0.57 mmol/l 95% confidence interval -0.83 to -0.31) and LDL (pooled WMD random effects model -0.51 mmol/l 95% confidence interval-0.82 -0.19) in the comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation group. Authors' conclusions Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is effective in reducing cardiac deaths. It is not clear from this review whether exercise only or a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation intervention is more beneficial. The population studied in this review is still predominantly male, middle aged and low risk. Identification of the ethnic origin of the participants was seldom reported. It is possible that patients who would have benefited most from the intervention were excluded from the trials on the grounds of age, sex or co-morbidity. Plain language summary Regular exercise or exercise with education and psychological support can reduce the likelihood of dying from heart disease Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the most common forms of heart disease. It affects the heart by restricting or blocking the flow of blood around it. This can lead to a feeling of tightness in the chest (angina) or a heart attack. Cardiac rehabilitation aims to restore people with CHD to health through regular exercise or a combination of exercise with education and psychological support. The findings of this review indicate that either form of cardiac rehabilitation can reduce the likelihood of dying from heart disease. More research is needed.

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Created: Sat, 21 Mar 2009, 01:45:22 EST by Ms Lynette Adams on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work