The Prevalence of Psychological Distress in Employees and Associated Occupational Risk Factors

Michael Hilton, Whiteford, Harvey, Judith SHERIDAN, Catherine Cleary, Chant, David C., Wang, PS and Kessler, RC (2008) The Prevalence of Psychological Distress in Employees and Associated Occupational Risk Factors. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 50 7: 746-757. doi:10.1097/JOM.0b013e31817e9171


Author Michael Hilton
Whiteford, Harvey
Judith SHERIDAN
Catherine Cleary
Chant, David C.
Wang, PS
Kessler, RC
Title The Prevalence of Psychological Distress in Employees and Associated Occupational Risk Factors
Journal name Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1076-2752
Publication date 2008-01-01
Year available 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31817e9171
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 50
Issue 7
Start page 746
End page 757
Total pages 12
Editor Dr Paul W Brandt-Rauf
Place of publication United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Subject 321204 Mental Health
C1
920209 Mental Health Services
111714 Mental Health
Abstract Objective: There is limited occupational health industry data pertaining to 1) the prevalence of psychological distress in various employee subtypes and 2) risk factors for employee psychological distress. Method: The employees of 58 large public and private sector employers were invited to complete the Kessler 6 (K6) as part of the Health and Performance at Work Questionnaire. A K6 score of >= 13 was chosen to indicate high psychological distress. Results: Data on 60,556 full-time employees indicate that 4.5% of employees have high psychological distress of which only 22% were in current treatment. Occupational risk factors identified include long working hours, sales staff and non-traditional gender roles. Conclusion: High psychological distress is pervasive across all employee subtypes and remains largely untreated. Risk factors identified will guide the targeting of mental health promotion, prevention and screening programs.
Keyword Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SCI
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 64 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 20 Mar 2009, 19:21:59 EST by Carmel Meir on behalf of School of Public Health