On the fate of distractor stimuli in rapid serial visual presentation

Dux, Paul E., Coltheart, Veronika and Harris, Irina M. (2006) On the fate of distractor stimuli in rapid serial visual presentation. Cognition, 99 3: 355-383. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2005.04.002


Author Dux, Paul E.
Coltheart, Veronika
Harris, Irina M.
Title On the fate of distractor stimuli in rapid serial visual presentation
Journal name Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0010-0277
1873-7838
Publication date 2006-04-01
Year available 2005
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.cognition.2005.04.002
Open Access Status
Volume 99
Issue 3
Start page 355
End page 383
Total pages 29
Editor Gerry T. M. Altmann
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Subject 1701 Psychology
Formatted abstract
Observers demonstrate an impaired ability to report the second of two targets in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) stream if it appears within 500 ms of the first target-a phenomenon known as the attentional blink. This study investigated the fate of stimuli in dual-target RSVP streams that do not require report-the distractors. In five experiments, observers viewed dual-target RSVP streams where the items flanking Target 1 either had the same identity (repeats) or a different identity (non-repeats). Repeated distractors reduced the attentional blink, but only if two conditions were met (1) the items flanking Target 1 were featurally identical and (2) the distractors were drawn from a different alphanumeric category to the targets (e.g. digits vs. letters). We interpret this reduced blink magnitude in the repeat trials as evidence that in RSVP streams distractor items that appear in close temporal proximity to Target 1 are inhibited and we propose that this inhibition occurs both at the level of alphanumeric features and abstract identities.
© 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keyword Attentional blink
Distractor inhibition
Distractor repetition effect
Masking
Rapid serial visual presentation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 19 Mar 2009, 21:46:31 EST by Jason Parr on behalf of School of Psychology