Effects of Orthographic and Phonological Word Length on Memory for Lists Shown at RSVP and STM Rates

Coltheart, Veronika, Mondy, Stephen, Dux, Paul E and Stephenson, Lisa. (2004) Effects of Orthographic and Phonological Word Length on Memory for Lists Shown at RSVP and STM Rates. Journal of Experimental Psychology-learning Memory And Cognition, 30 4: 815-826. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.30.4.815


Author Coltheart, Veronika
Mondy, Stephen
Dux, Paul E
Stephenson, Lisa.
Title Effects of Orthographic and Phonological Word Length on Memory for Lists Shown at RSVP and STM Rates
Journal name Journal of Experimental Psychology-learning Memory And Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0278-7393
0096-1515
0730-0964
Publication date 2004-07-01
Year available 2004
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/0278-7393.30.4.815
Open Access Status
Volume 30
Issue 4
Start page 815
End page 826
Total pages 12
Editor Randi C. Martin
Place of publication Washington
Publisher American Psychological Association
Language eng
Subject 1701 Psychology
Abstract This article reports 3 experiments in which effects of orthographic and phonological word length on memory were examined for short lists shown at rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) and short-term memory (STM) rates. Only visual-orthographic length reduced RSVP serial recall, whereas both orthographic and phonological length lowered recall for STM lists in Experiment 1. Word-length effects may arise from output processes or from the temporal duration of output in recall. In 2 further experiments, output demands were reduced through the use of a recognition test. Recognition accuracy was impaired only by orthographic length for RSVP lists and by phonological length for STM lists in both experiments. The results demonstrate 2 item length effects not simply attributable to increased output time in recall, and implications for theories of STM are considered.
Keyword Short-Term-Memory
Immediate Serial-Recall
Repetition Blindness
Working-Memory
Output-Time
Span Tasks
Similarity
Recognition
Capacity
Speech
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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