Monitoring seasonal and long-term changes in test performance in elite swimmers

Anderson, Megan E., Hopkins, William G., Roberts, Alan D. and Pyne, David B. (2006) Monitoring seasonal and long-term changes in test performance in elite swimmers. European Journal of Sport Science, 6 3: 145-154. doi:10.1080/17461390500529574

Author Anderson, Megan E.
Hopkins, William G.
Roberts, Alan D.
Pyne, David B.
Title Monitoring seasonal and long-term changes in test performance in elite swimmers
Journal name European Journal of Sport Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1536-7290
Publication date 2006-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/17461390500529574
Volume 6
Issue 3
Start page 145
End page 154
Total pages 10
Place of publication Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 110602 Exercise Physiology
Abstract The purpose of this study was to characterize changes and variability in test performance of swimmers within and between seasons over their elite competitive career. Forty elite swimmers (24 male, 16 female) performed a 7times200-m incremental swimming step test several times each 6-month season (10±5 tests, spanning 0.5-6.0 y). Mixed linear modeling provided estimates of percent change in the mean and individual responses (within-athlete variation as a coefficient of variation) for measures based on submaximal performance (fixed 4-mM lactate), maximal performance (the seventh step) and lean mass (from skinfolds and body mass). Submaximal and maximal swim speed increased within each season from pre to taper phase by ∼2.2% for females and ∼1.5% for males (95% confidence limits ±1.0%), with variable contributions from stroke rate and stroke length. Most of the gains in speed were lost in the off-season, leaving a net average annual improvement of ∼1.0% for females and ∼0.6% for males (±1.0%). For submaximal and maximal speed, individual variation between phases was ±2.2% and the typical measurement error was ±0.80%. Step test and anthropometric measures can be used to confidently monitor progressions in swimmers in an elite training program within and between seasons.
Keyword Lactate
Testing and evaluation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 22 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 05 Mar 2009, 00:53:14 EST by Ms Karen Naughton on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences