Understanding Motivation in Sport: An Experimental Test of Achievement Goal and Self Determination Theories

Spray, Christopher M., Wang, C.K. John, Biddle, Stuart J.H. and Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D. (2006) Understanding Motivation in Sport: An Experimental Test of Achievement Goal and Self Determination Theories. European Journal of Sport Science, 6 1: 43-51. doi:10.1080/17461390500422879


Author Spray, Christopher M.
Wang, C.K. John
Biddle, Stuart J.H.
Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D.
Title Understanding Motivation in Sport: An Experimental Test of Achievement Goal and Self Determination Theories
Journal name European Journal of Sport Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1746-1391
1536-7290
Publication date 2006-03-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/17461390500422879
Open Access Status
Volume 6
Issue 1
Start page 43
End page 51
Total pages 9
Place of publication Essex, United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Abstract This paper presents an experimental test of two contemporary motivation theories in the physical domain. The study combined experimentally-induced achievement goal involvement with autonomous and controlling communication styles based on self determination theory to examine young people's enjoyment, free-choice behavior and performance in relation to a golf task. Results showed that those in the autonomous condition, regardless of their goal involvement, reported greater enjoyment, persisted longer at the task and performed better than those in the controlling communication condition. Participants in the task involved condition performed better than those in the ego involved condition. Findings point to the need for further studies that test multiple theories in sport. The motivational impact of goal involvement may be better understood when considered concurrently with the autonomous or controlling nature of the context. Promoting autonomy and task involvement is likely to enhance positive affect and adaptive behaviors in sport among young people.
Keyword Goal involvement
motivation
self determination
self determination
youth
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 03 Mar 2009, 01:40:44 EST by Judy Dingwall on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences